Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Suidae > Sus > Sus scrofa
 

Sus scrofa (wild boar; pig (feral); pig)

Synonyms: Sus domesticus

Wikipedia Abstract

The domestic pig (Sus scrofa domesticus or Sus domesticus), often called swine, hog, or pig when there is no need to distinguish it from other pigs, is a large, even-toed ungulate. It is variously considered a subspecies of the wild boar or a distinct species. The domestic pig's head-plus-body-length ranges from 0.9 to 1.8 m (35 to 71 in), and the adult can weigh between 50 to 350 kg (110 to 770 lb). Compared to other artiodactyls, its head is relatively long, pointed, and free of warts. Even-toed ungulates are generally herbivorous, but the domestic pig is an omnivore, like its wild relative.
View Wikipedia Record: Sus scrofa

Infraspecies

Invasive Species

Sus scrofa (feral pigs) are escaped or released domestic animals which have been introduced to many parts of the world. They damage crops, stock and property, and transmit many diseases such as Leptospirosis and Foot and Mouth disease. Rooting pigs dig up large areas of native vegetation and spread weeds, disrupting ecological processes such as succession and species composition. Sus scrofa are omnivorous and their diet can include juvenile land tortoises, sea turtles, sea birds, endemic reptiles and macro-invertebrates. Management of Sus scrofa is complicated by the fact that complete eradication is often not acceptable to communities that value feral pigs for hunting and food.
View ISSG Record: Sus scrofa

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
3
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
23
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 8.44
EDGE Score: 2.24

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  396.834 lbs (180.00 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  2.116 lbs (960 g)
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  10 %
Diet - Plants [2]  60 %
Diet - Scavenger [2]  10 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  10 %
Diet - Vertibrates [2]  10 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Female Maturity [1]  11 months 4 days
Male Maturity [1]  2 years 1 month
Gestation [1]  3 months 25 days
Litter Size [1]  7
Litters / Year [1]  2
Maximum Longevity [1]  27 years
Nocturnal [3]  Yes
Speed [4]  11.006 MPH (4.92 m/s)
Weaning [1]  56 days

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

+ Click for partial list (100)Full list (361)

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

+ Click for partial list (94)Full list (288)

Predators

Consumers

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map

Distribution

Africa; Australia; Caribbean; Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China); Middle America; North America; Oceania; South America; Southern Asia;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
4Wikipedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
5Ecology of Commanster
6IDENTIFYING DIURNAL AND NOCTURNAL FRUGIVORES IN THE TERRESTRIAL AND ARBOREAL LAYERS OF A TROPICAL RAIN FOREST IN SRI LANKA, Palitha Jayasekara, Udayani Rose Weerasinghe, Siril Wijesundara & Seiki Takatsuki, ECOTROPICA 13: 7–15, 2007
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
8"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
9Glis glis (Rodentia: Gliridae), BORIS KRYSTUFEK, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 42(865):195–206 (2010)
10Dormancy and endozoochorous dispersal of Opuntia rastrera seeds in the southern Chihuahuan Desert, Maria del Carmen Mandujano, Jordan Golubov & Carlos Montaña, Journal of Arid Environments (1997) 36: 259–266
11Foraging by lynx and its role in ungulate mortality: the local (Białowieża Forest) and the Palaearctic viewpoints, Włodzimierz JĘDRZEJEWSKI, Krzysztof SCHMIDT, Lech MIŁKOWSKI, Bogumiła JĘDRZEJEWSKA, Henryk OKARMA, Acta Theriologica 38 (4): 385-403
12Assessing the diet of nestling Bearded Vultures: a comparison between direct observation methods, Antoni Margalida, Joan Bertran, and Jennifer Boudet, J. Field Ornithol. 76(1):40–45, 2005
13Monitoring the ungulate prey of komodo dragons (Varanus komodoensis) using faecal counts, Tim S. Jessop, David M. Forsyth, Deni Purwandana, Jeri Imansyah, Devi S. Opat and Eve McDonald-Madden, (2005) Zoological Society of San Diego, USA, and the Komodo National Park Authority, Labuan Bajo, Flores, Indonesia. p. 26
14Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
15Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
16Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
17International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License