Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Laurales > Lauraceae > Cinnamomum > Cinnamomum camphora
 

Cinnamomum camphora (camphor tree; camphortree; Camphor laurel; Japanese camphor)

Synonyms:

Wikipedia Abstract

Cinnamomum camphora (commonly known as camphor tree, camphorwood or camphor laurel) is a large evergreen tree that grows up to 20–30 m (66–98 ft) tall. The leaves have a glossy, waxy appearance and smell of camphor when crushed. In spring, it produces bright green foliage with masses of small white flowers. It produces clusters of black, berry-like fruit around 1 cm (0.39 in) in diameter. Its pale bark is very rough and fissured vertically.
View Wikipedia Record: Cinnamomum camphora

Invasive Species

Cinnamomum camphora is native to Japan, China, Taiwan and northern Vietnam. C. camphora has become widely naturalised in Australia. In the United States, it grows along the Gulf Coast and in California. C. camphora seeds are easily spread by birds from cultivated yards to open forests, and it is also spread to new locations through plant nursery sales. C. camphora fruits, leaves, and roots are toxic to humans in large doses.
View ISSG Record: Cinnamomum camphora

Attributes

Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-High
Carbon Capture [1]  Medium
Shade Percentage [1]  90 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Hermaphrodite
Hazards [2]  The plant is poisonous in large quantities; Large doses can cause respiratory failure in children; See the report below on medicinal uses for more information.
Janka Hardness [3]  990 lbf (449 kgf) Soft
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Lifespan [4]  Perennial
Scent [2]  The sweetly scented wood contains camphor.
Specific Gravity [5]  0.487
Structure [2]  Tree
Usage [2]  The essential oil 'camphor' is obtained from the leaves and twigs; It is extracted commercially by passing a current of steam through the wood chips, 30 kilos of wood yielding 1 kilo of camphor; Camphor is used medicinally, in perfumes, as an insecticide and also to make celluloid and as a wood preservative; It can also be put in shoes to cure perspiring feet[178] (probably by acting as a deodorant rather than preventing perspiration[K]). The wood has been burnt as a fumigant during epidemics; Wood - beautifully grained, light brownish, takes a good polish; It is used for making furniture, cabinets, the interior finish of buildings etc;
Height [2]  20 feet (6 m)
Width [2]  20 feet (6 m)
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 10 Low Temperature: 30 F° (-1.1 C°) → 40 F° (4.4 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Water Use [1]  Moderate
View Plants For A Future Record : Cinnamomum camphora

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Gulf Island National Seashore II 67487 Florida, Mississippi, United States

Predators

Providers

Pollinated by 
Anthrenus verbasci (varied carpet beetle)[10]

Distribution

Caribbean; North America; Oceania;

External References

USDA Plant Profile

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts
4USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
5Chave J, Coomes D, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Swenson NG, Zanne AE (2009) Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Ecology Letters 12: 351-366. Zanne AE, Lopez-Gonzalez G, Coomes DA, Ilic J, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Miller RB, Swenson NG, Wiemann MC, Chave J (2009) Data from: Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Dryad Digital Repository.
6HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
7Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
8Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
9del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
10Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
11Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
12New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
13SEASONAL CHANGES IN THE DIET OF JAPANESE GIANT FLYING SQUIRRELS IN RELATION TO REPRODUCTION, Takeo Kawamichi, Journal of Mammalogy, 78(1):204-212, 1997
14Pseudacysta perseae (Heidemann) (Insecta: Hemiptera: Tingidae), Frank W. Mead, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry, and Jorge E. Peña, University of Florida, July 1998. Latest revision: November 2012
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License