Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Bovidae > Bos taurus > Bos taurus indicus

Bos taurus indicus (aurochs; domesticated cattle; domestic cattle (feral))

Synonyms: Bos indicus; Bos namadicus

Wikipedia Abstract

A zebu (/ˈziːˌbjuː/, /ˈziːbuː/ or /ˈzeɪbuː/; Bos primigenius indicus or Bos indicus or Bos taurus indicus), sometimes known as indicine cattle or humped cattle, is a species or sub-species of domestic cattle originating in South Asia. Zebu are characterised by a fatty hump on their shoulders, a large dewlap and sometimes drooping ears. They are well adapted to withstanding high temperatures, and are farmed throughout the tropical countries, both as pure zebu and as hybrids with taurine cattle, the other main type of domestic cattle. Zebu are used as draught oxen, as dairy cattle and as beef cattle, as well as for byproducts such as hides and dung for fuel and manure. In 1999, researchers at Texas A&M University successfully cloned a zebu.
View Wikipedia Record: Bos taurus indicus

Invasive Species

Feral cattle (Bos taurus) are escaped or released domestic animals. Unless well contained by adequate fences, they form feral herds and wander into native vegetation wherever suitable food is available. They can severely modify native vegetation by browsing, crushing and trampling. In native forests they invariably lay bare the forest floor and eliminate nearly all young trees, shrubs and ferns until only a few unpalatable or browse-resistant species remain. In subalpine environments feral cattle open up clearings by breaking down and browsing low-canopied vegetation.
View ISSG Record: Bos taurus indicus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.82


Adult Weight [1]  1,653.476 lbs (750.00 kg)
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Female Maturity [1]  1 year 6 months
Gestation [1]  9 months 7 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  20 years

Protected Areas

Emblem of

Moldova, Republic Of


Gypaetus barbatus (Bearded Vulture)[3]


Institutions (Zoos, etc.)


Africa; Australia; Caribbean; Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China); Middle America; North America; Oceania; South America; Southern Asia;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
3Assessing the diet of nestling Bearded Vultures: a comparison between direct observation methods, Antoni Margalida, Joan Bertran, and Jennifer Boudet, J. Field Ornithol. 76(1):40–45, 2005
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
5Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
6International Flea Database
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License