Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Bovidae > Bos frontalis > Bos frontalis gaurus

Bos frontalis gaurus (gaur; gayal)

Synonyms: Bos gaurus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.59


Adult Weight [1]  1,818.823 lbs (825.00 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  50.707 lbs (23.00 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  1 year 7 months
Male Maturity [1]  1 year 6 months
Gestation [1]  9 months 5 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  26 years
Weaning [1]  4 months 17 days


Protected Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Mountains of Southwest China China, Myanmar No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Emblem of

Arunachal Pradesh

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap


Parasitized by 
Fischoederius cobboldi <Unverified Name>[4]
Fischoederius elongatus <Unverified Name>[4]
Homalogaster paloniae <Unverified Name>[4]
Mycobacterium avium (Mycobacterium avium)[5]
Paramphistomum epiclitum <Unverified Name>[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)


Southern Asia;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Studies on the food and feeding habits of Gaur Bos gaurus H. Smith (Mammalia: Artiodactyla: Bovidae) in two protected areas of Goa, Suman D. Gad & S.K. Shyama, Journal of Threatened Taxa | 1(2): 128-130 | February 2009
3FRUITS RHINOCEROS EAT: DISPERSAL OF TREWIA NUDIFLORA (EUPHORBIACEAE) IN LOWLAND NEPAL, Eric Dinerstein and Chris M. Wemmer, Ecology, 69(6), 1988, pp. 1768-1774
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
5Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund