Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Ranunculales > Berberidaceae > Berberis > Berberis thunbergii

Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry; Crimson pygmy)


Wikipedia Abstract

Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry,Thunberg's barberry, or Red barberry) is a species of Berberis, native to Japan and eastern Asia, though widely naturalized in China and in North America.
View Wikipedia Record: Berberis thunbergii

Invasive Species

Berberis thunbergii is a shrub native to Japan. When introduced it can invade a variety of habitats from damp lowlands to dry roadsides and waste places. This species forms dense stands in a variety of these habitats, including closed canopy forests and open woodlands, wetlands, pastures and meadows. Berberis thunbergii is highly shade-tolerant and displaces a variety of native herb and shrub species in areas where it becomes well established. Manual hand-pulling is a favoured method of control as the species is easily unearthed. Chemical and mechanical methods are also often employed, depending on site conditions.
View ISSG Record: Berberis thunbergii


Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Screening - Summer [2]  Dense
Screening - Winter [2]  Porous
Bloom Period [2]  Late Spring
Drought Tolerance [2]  Low
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [2]  None
Flower Type [3]  Hermaphrodite
Frost Free Days [2]  6 months
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Winter
Growth Form [2]  Multiple Stem
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Summer
Growth Rate [2]  Moderate
Leaf Type [3]  Deciduous
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Pollinators [3]  Insects, Lepidoptera
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Cutting, Seed
Root Depth [2]  18 inches (46 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Moderate
Seed Vigor [2]  Medium
Seeds Per [2]  27040 / lb (59613 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Rounded
Structure [3]  Shrub
Usage [3]  Plants can be grown as a medium-size hedge; They are very tolerant of trimming and have prickles which make them an effective barrier to larger creatures; The cultivar 'Atropurpurea Nana' can be used for ground cover; It makes a dense covering when planted 30cm apart each way; A yellow dye is obtained from the root and branches;
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  Slow
Flower Color [2]  Yellow
Foliage Color [2]  Dark Green
Fruit Color [2]  Red
Fall Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Flower Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Height [3]  6.56 feet (2 m)
Width [3]  9.84 feet (3 m)
Hardiness Zone Minimum [2]  USDA Zone: 4 Low Temperature: -30 F° (-34.4 C°) → -20 F° (-28.9 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Full Sun
Soil Acidity [2]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [2]  Infertile
Water Use [2]  Moderate
View Plants For A Future Record : Berberis thunbergii

Protected Areas



Pollinated by 
Apis mellifera (honey bee)[8]


Parasitized by 
Erysiphe berberidis[8]


North America;

External References

USDA Plant Profile



Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
4HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
6Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
7Food habits of the copper pheasant Syrmaticus soemmerringii in winter season, Noritomo KAWAJI and Jun YOKOYAMA, (Bulletin of FFPRI) Vol.8 No.2 (No.411) 127 - 132 June 2009
8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License