Plantae > Tracheophyta > Liliopsida > Poales > Poaceae > Dactylis > Dactylis glomerata

Dactylis glomerata (orchardgrass; orchard grass; cocksfoot)


Wikipedia Abstract

Dactylis glomerata, also known as cock's-foot, orchard grass, or cat grass (due to its popularity for use with domestic cats) is a common species of grass in the genus Dactylis. It is a cool-season perennial C3 bunchgrass native throughout most of Europe, temperate Asia, and northern Africa.
View Wikipedia Record: Dactylis glomerata



Allergen Potential [1]  High
Screening - Summer [2]  Dense
Screening - Winter [2]  Porous
Bloom Period [2]  Mid Spring
Dispersal Mode [5]  Anemochory, Zoochory
Drought Tolerance [2]  Medium
Fire Tolerance [2]  Medium
Flower Type [3]  Hermaphrodite
Frost Free Days [2]  4 months
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Spring
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Summer
Growth Form [2]  Bunch
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Fall
Growth Rate [2]  Moderate
Hazards [3]  This plant is an important cause of hayfever;
Leaf Type [3]  Evergreen
Lifespan [3]  Perennial
Pollinators [3]  Wind
Propagation [2]  Seed
Regrowth Rate [2]  Moderate
Root Depth [2]  12 inches (30 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Slow
Seed Vigor [2]  High
Seeds Per [2]  427199 / lb (941814 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Erect
Structure [6]  Grass
Usage [3]  Plants form impenetrably dense clumps and when planted close together in drifts make an excellent ground cover; Having a deep root system, the plant is also useful for checking soil erosion; The plant can be grown for biomass, annual productivity ranges from 2 to 37 tonnes per hectare; If soil fertility is low, a large portion of the total production occurs in the spring, but if the soil is highly fertile, production is well distributed throughout the growing season;
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  None
Flower Color [2]  Yellow
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Brown
Height [3]  39 inches (1 m)
Width [3]  10 inches (0.25 m)
Hardiness Zone Minimum [2]  USDA Zone: 3 Low Temperature: -40 F° (-40 C°) → -30 F° (-34.4 C°)
Light Preference [4]  Mostly Sunny
Soil Acidity [4]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [4]  Intermediate
Soil Moisture [4]  Moist
Water Use [2]  Moderate
View Plants For A Future Record : Dactylis glomerata

Protected Areas

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Pollinated by 
Parasyrphus annulatus[10]


Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Kew Millennium Seed Bank Partnership
Svalbard Global Seed Vault


Caribbean; Europe, Temp. Asia; North America; Oceania; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;

External References

USDA Plant Profile



Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
4ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999)
5Paula S, Arianoutsou M, Kazanis D, Tavsanoglu Ç, Lloret F, Buhk C, Ojeda F, Luna B, Moreno JM, Rodrigo A, Espelta JM, Palacio S, Fernández-Santos B, Fernandes PM, and Pausas JG. 2009. Fire-related traits for plant species of the Mediterranean Basin. Ecology 90: 1420.
Paula S. & Pausas J.G. 2013. BROT: a plant trait database for Mediterranean Basin species. Version 2013.06.
6Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
7Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
9Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
10Ecology of Commanster
11New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
12Butterflies of Canada, Canadian Biodiversity Information Facility
13Diet of the Iberian hare (Lepus granatensis) in a mountain ecosystem, Joana Paupério & Paulo Célio Alves, Eur J Wildl Res (2008) 54:571–579
14Individual variation in the ability of Columbian ground squirrels to select an optimal diet, MARK E. RITCHIE, Evolutionary Ecology, 1988, 2, 232-252
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License