Animalia > Chordata > Amphibia > Caudata > Cryptobranchidae > Andrias > Andrias davidianus

Andrias davidianus (Chinese giant salamander)

Synonyms: Andrias davidianus davidianus

Wikipedia Abstract

The Chinese giant salamander (Andrias davidianus) is the largest salamander and largest amphibian in the world, reaching a length of 180 cm (5.9 ft), although it rarely reaches that size today. It is fully aquatic and is endemic to rocky mountain streams and lakes in China. It has been introduced to Kyoto Prefecture in Japan and possibly Taiwan. It is considered critically endangered due to habitat loss, pollution, and overcollection, as it is considered a delicacy and used in traditional Chinese medicine. It has been listed as one of the top 10 "focal species" in 2008 by the Evolutionarily Distinct and Globally Endangered (EDGE) project. The Chinese giant salamander is considered to be a "living fossil." Although protected under Chinese law and CITES Appendix I, it is estimated that the w
View Wikipedia Record: Andrias davidianus

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Andrias davidianus

EDGE Analysis

The Chinese giant salamander is the largest living species of amphibian, reaching a maximum length of 1.8 metres. It lives in cool, fast-flowing streams and mountain lakes and predominantly feeds on fish and crustaceans. The breeding season occurs between August and September when 500 eggs are laid in a burrow guarded by the male. This species is threatened by over-harvesting for the food trade, as well as the destruction and degradation of its habitat. It is now Critically Endangered, having undergone a massive population decline over the last 30 years.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 83.42
EDGE Score: 7.21
View EDGE Record: Andrias davidianus


Adult Length [1]  35 inches (90 cm)
Gestation [2]  55 days
Litter Size [2]  500
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [2]  20 years
Adult Weight [1]  9.039 lbs (4.10 kg)



Parasitized by 
Andrincola mabianensis <Unverified Name>[3]
Andritrema elliptica <Unverified Name>[3]
Diplodiscus amphichrus <Unverified Name>[3]
Neoandrincola muchuanensis <Unverified Name>[3]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map


Southern Asia;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Oliveira, Brunno Freire; São-Pedro, Vinícius Avelar; Santos-Barrera, Georgina; Penone, Caterina; C. Costa, Gabriel. (2017) AmphiBIO, a global database for amphibian ecological traits. Sci. Data.
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License