Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Perissodactyla > Equidae > Equus > Equus grevyi
 

Equus grevyi (Grevy's zebra)

Synonyms: Equus faurei; Equus grevyi berberensis

Wikipedia Abstract

The Grévy's zebra (Equus grevyi), also known as the imperial zebra, is the largest extant wild equid and the largest and most threatened of the three species of zebra, the other two being the plains zebra and the mountain zebra. Named after Jules Grévy, it is the sole extant member of the subgenus Dolichohippus. The Grévy's zebra is found in Kenya and Ethiopia. Compared with other zebras, it is tall, has large ears, and its stripes are narrower.
View Wikipedia Record: Equus grevyi

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Equus grevyi

EDGE Analysis

The largest of the living zebra species, Grévy’s zebra can be distinguished from the other zebras by its larger ears and narrower stripes. In recent history, the species has undergone one of the most substantial reductions of range of any African mammal. There has also been a 87 percent decline in numbers since the end of the 1970s. These declines were due in part to hunters killing the animals for their skins, which were made into fashionable clothing during the 1970s and 80s. While the species is no longer commercially hunted for its skin, numbers are continuing to decline due to competition with pastoral people and their domestic livestock, and to the long-term effects of overgrazing.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
5
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
59
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 11.42
EDGE Score: 4.6
View EDGE Record: Equus grevyi

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  846.58 lbs (384.00 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  88.185 lbs (40.00 kg)
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Diet - Plants [2]  100 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Female Maturity [1]  3 years 6 months
Male Maturity [1]  4 years
Gestation [1]  1 year 1 month
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  31 years
Weaning [1]  8 months 19 days

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Eastern Hararghe (Harar-Wabi Shebelle) Controlled Hunting Area 5878143 Ethiopia      
Mount Kulal Biosphere Reserve 1729738 Kenya  
Tsavo National Park II 3232255 Kenya

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No

Prey / Diet

Cenchrus ciliaris (Buffel Grass)[3]
Cenchrus sphacelatus[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Predators

Crocuta crocuta (Spotted Hyena)[3]
Lycaon pictus (African wild dog)[3]
Panthera leo (Lion)[3]
Panthera pardus (Leopard)[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Gastrodiscus aegyptiacus <Unverified Name>[4]
Leptospira interrogans[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map

Distribution

Eastern Hararghe (Harar-Wabi Shebelle) Controlled Hunting Area; Africa;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Equus grevyi, C. S. Churcher, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 453, pp. 1-9 (1993)
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
5Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License