Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Perissodactyla > Equidae > Equus > Equus zebra

Equus zebra (mountain zebra; zebra)

Synonyms: Equus indica; Equus montanus; Equus zebra frederici; Equus zebra zebra; Hippotigris campestris

EDGE Analysis

The mountain zebra can be distinguished from other zebra species by the presence of a dewlap, or fold of skin on the throat. As the common name implies, this species is generally found on slopes and plateaus in mountainous areas. Populations have suffered massive declines over the past century as a result of excessive hunting for its skin and loss of habitat to agriculture. Some populations now appear to be stabilising, as a result of concerted conservation efforts at the international, national and local level.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 11.42
EDGE Score: 3.91
View EDGE Record: Equus zebra


Adult Weight [1]  652.572 lbs (296.00 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  77.162 lbs (35.00 kg)
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Diet - Plants [2]  100 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Female Maturity [1]  2 years 9 months
Male Maturity [1]  3 years 6 months
Gestation [1]  0 years 12 months
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  33 years
Snout to Vent Length [3]  8.134 feet (248 cm)
Speed [4]  39.079 MPH (17.47 m/s)
Weaning [1]  10 months 4 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Montane fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Namibian savanna woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Cape Floristic Region South Africa No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No

Emblem of


Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap


Acinonyx jubatus (Cheetah)[5]
Crocuta crocuta (Spotted Hyena)[5]
Lycaon pictus (African wild dog)[5]
Panthera leo (Lion)[5]
Panthera pardus (Leopard)[5]


Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map



External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
4Wikipedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
5Equus zebra, B. L. Penzhorn, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 314, pp. 1-7 (1988)
6Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund