Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Procellariiformes > Procellariidae > Calonectris > Calonectris diomedea
 

Calonectris diomedea (Scopoli's Shearwater)

Synonyms: Puffinus diomedea
Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

Scopoli's shearwater (Calonectris diomedea) is a bird in the Procellariidae family formerly considered conspecific with Cory's shearwater (Calonectris borealis). It has no subspecies. The genus name Calonectris comes from Ancient Greek kalos, "good" and nectris, "swimmer". The specific diomedea refers to Diomedes, the mythical king. His wife was serially unfaithful while he fought at Troy, so he left to found a city in Italy. When he eventually died, his distraught friends were turned into white seabirds. The English name is for Italian naturalist Giovanni Antonio Scopoli who first described the species.
View Wikipedia Record: Calonectris diomedea

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
5
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
26
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 10.8431
EDGE Score: 2.47175

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  1.971 lbs (894 g)
Birth Weight [3]  74 grams
Female Weight [1]  1.834 lbs (832 g)
Male Weight [1]  2.108 lbs (956 g)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  14.9 %
Breeding Habitat [2]  Oceanic islands, Pelagic
Wintering Geography [2]  Atlantic Ocean
Wintering Habitat [2]  Pelagic
Diet [4]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Piscivore
Diet - Fish [4]  40 %
Diet - Invertibrates [4]  40 %
Diet - Scavenger [4]  20 %
Forages - Water Surface [4]  50 %
Forages - Underwater [4]  50 %
Clutch Size [3]  1
Clutches / Year [1]  1
Egg Length [1]  2.717 inches (69 mm)
Egg Width [1]  1.772 inches (45 mm)
Fledging [1]  3 months 2 days
Global Population (2017 est.) [2]  510,000
Incubation [6]  52 days
Mating Display [3]  Ground display
Maximum Longevity [5]  24 years 9 months
Migration [7]  Interoceanic
Wing Span [6]  4.133 feet (1.26 m)
Female Maturity [5]  3 years
Male Maturity [5]  3 years

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

+ Click for partial list (100)Full list (230)

Important Bird Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey Yes

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

Predators

Larus michahellis (Yellow-legged Gull)[10]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Seuratia shipleyi <Unverified Name>[11]
Xenopsylla gratiosa[12]

Range Map

Distribution

North America;

External References

Audio

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Provided by Center for Biological Diversity via Myxer Author: Brent Plater

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
4Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
5de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
6del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
7Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
9Feeding Spectrum and Trophic Relationships of Short-finned Squid (Illex illecebrosus) in the Northwest Atlantic, Yu. M. Froerman, NAFO Sci. Coun. Studies, 7: 67-75 (1984)
10POPULATION STATUS AND DIET OF THE YELLOW-LEGGED GULL IN THE AZORES, VERÓNICA C. NEVES, NADIA MURDOCH & ROBERT W. FURNESS, ARQUIPÉLAGO. Ciências Biológicas e Marinhas Nº 23A (2006): 59-73
11Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
12International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2