Animalia > Chordata > Amphibia > Caudata > Plethodontidae > Parvimolge > Parvimolge townsendi

Parvimolge townsendi (Townsend's dwarf salamander)

Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

Parvimolge townsendi, the Townsend's dwarf salamander, is a salamander in the family Plethodontidae, the lungless salamanders. It is monotypic within the genus Parvimolge, although this may yet change as molecular data suggest that it is embedded within a paraphyletic Pseudoeurycea. Parvimolge townsendi is endemic to the Sierra Madre Oriental in central and southern Veracruz, Mexico.
View Wikipedia Record: Parvimolge townsendi

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Parvimolge townsendi

EDGE Analysis

Townsend’s dwarf salamander is the solitary representative of its genus, and its lineage may have diverged from all other amphibian species over 34 million years ago at a time when monkeys and humans shared a common ancestor. This species inhabits cloud forest and oak forest, and is found living in bromeliads. It can survive in shaded coffee plantations, providing that humidity is retained, but is not found in heavily disturbed areas. Its habitat is being lost due to expanding agriculture and human settlements, as well as the extraction of wood.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 68.03
EDGE Score: 6.31
View EDGE Record: Parvimolge townsendi


Litters / Year [1]  1


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Oaxacan montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Petén-Veracruz moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) Sites

Name  Location   Map   Climate   Land Use 
Veracruz/Puebla Volcanoes Mexico

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama Yes

Range Map


Middle America;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Oliveira, Brunno Freire; São-Pedro, Vinícius Avelar; Santos-Barrera, Georgina; Penone, Caterina; C. Costa, Gabriel. (2017) AmphiBIO, a global database for amphibian ecological traits. Sci. Data.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
AZE sites provided by Alliance for Zero Extinction (2010). 2010 AZE Update.
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License