Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Malvales > Malvaceae > Ceiba > Ceiba pentandra
 

Ceiba pentandra (kapoktree; silk cotton tree)

Synonyms:

Wikipedia Abstract

Ceiba pentandra is a tropical tree of the order Malvales and the family Malvaceae (previously separated in the family Bombacaceae), native to Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean, northern South America, and (as the variety C. pentandra var. guineensis) to tropical west Africa. Kapok is the most used common name for the tree and may also refer to the cotton-like fluff obtained from its seed pods. The tree is cultivated for the seed fibre, particularly in south-east Asia, and is also known as the Java cotton, Java kapok, silk-cotton, Samauma, or ceiba.
View Wikipedia Record: Ceiba pentandra

Attributes

Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium
Carbon Capture [1]  Medium-Low
Screening - Summer [2]  Dense
Screening - Winter [2]  Dense
Shade Percentage [1]  88 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Bloom Period [2]  Winter
Drought Tolerance [2]  Low
Fire Tolerance [2]  Medium
Frost Free Days [2]  1 year
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Spring
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Summer
Growth Form [2]  Single Crown
Growth Period [2]  Fall
Growth Rate [2]  Rapid
Janka Hardness [4]  240 lbf (109 kgf) Very Soft
Leaf Type [3]  Deciduous
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Propagation [2]  Cutting, Seed
Root Depth [2]  24 inches (61 cm)
Seeds Per [2]  48722 / lb (107413 / kg)
Specific Gravity [4]  0.24
Structure [3]  Tree
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  Moderate
Flower Color [2]  White
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Black
Flower Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Height [1]  50 feet (15.2 m)
Width [1]  45 feet (13.7 m)
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Soil Fertility [2]  Intermediate
Water Use [1]  Moderate to Low

Protected Areas

Ecosystems

Emblem of

Puerto Rico

Predators

Providers

Pollinated by 
Phyllostomus discolor (pale spear-nosed bat)[24]

Consumers

Distribution

Caribbean;

External References

USDA Plant Profile

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
4Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts
5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
6FORAGING ECOLOGY OF PARROTS IN A MODIFIED LANDSCAPE: SEASONAL TRENDS AND INTRODUCED SPECIES, GREG D. MATUZAK, M. BERNADETTE BEZY, AND DONALD J. BRIGHTSMITH, The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 120(2):353–365, 2008
7HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
8Artibeus jamaicensis, Jorge Ortega and Iván Castro-Arellano, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 662, pp. 1–9 (2001)
9Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
10Animals of the Rainforest
11Time Budget of the Green Monkey, Cercopithecus sabaeus: Some Optimal Strategies; Michael J. S. Harrison; International Journal of Primatology, Vol. 6, No. 4, 1985; p. 351-376
12del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
13Epomophorus gambianus, Margaret C. Boulay and C. Brian Robbins, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 344, pp. 1-5 (1989)
14Population dynamics, reproduction, and diet of the lesser long-nosed bat (Leptonycteris curasoae) in Jalisco, Mexico: implications for conservation, Kathryn E. Stoner, Karla A. O.-Salazar, Roxana C. R.-Fernández and Mauricio Quesada, Biodiversity and Conservation, Volume 12, Number 2, 357-373 (2003)
15Micropteropus pusillus, Noah T. Owen-Ashley and Don E. Wilson, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 577, pp. 1-5 (1998)
16Musonycteris harrisoni, Guillermo Tellez and Jorge Ortega, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 622, pp. 1-3 (1999)
17Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
18Phyllostomus hastatus, Mery Santos, Luis F. Aguirre, Luis B. Vázquez, and Jorge Ortega, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 722, pp. 1–6 (2003)
19Sudhakaran, M.R. & P.S. Doss (2012). Food and foraging preferences of three pteropo- did bats in southern India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 4(1): 2295-2303
20Pteropus tonganus, Carrie A. Miller and Don E. Wilson, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 552, pp. 1-6 (1997)
21Proyecto Tití
22The 'Ura or Rimatara Lorikeet Vini kuhlii: its former range, present status, and conservation priorities., GERALD McCORMACK and JUDITH KUNZLE, Bird Conservation International (1996) 6:325-334
23Current Status and Conservation of the Scarlet Macaw (Ara macao) in the Osa Conservation Area (ACOSA), Costa Rica, Fiona Dear, Christopher Vaughan and Adrián Morales Polanco, Research Journal of the Costa Rican Distance Education University Vol. 2(1): 7-21, June, 2010
24Phyllostomus discolor, Gary G. Kwiecinski, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 801, pp. 1–11 (2006)
25Carollia subrufa (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae), JORGE ORTEGA, BERENICE VITE-DE LEON, ALEJANDRO TINAJERO-ESPITIA, AND JOSE ANTONIO ROMERO-MEZA, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 823:1–4 (2008)
26Hipposideros cyclops, Jan Decher and Jakob Fahr, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 763, pp. 1–7 (2005)
27Nycteris grandis, M. B. C. Hickey and J. M. Dunlop, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 632, pp. 1–4 (2000)
28Pteropus vampyrus, Thomas H. Kunz and Deborah P. Jones, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 642, pp. 1–6 (2000)
29Vampyrum spectrum, Daniel Navarro L. and Don E. Wilson, Mammalian Species No. 184, pp. 1-4 (1982)
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