Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Malpighiales > Violaceae > Viola > Viola japonica
 

Viola japonica (sweet violet)

Synonyms:

Attributes

Allergen Potential [1]  Low
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Hermaphrodite
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Pollinators [2]  Bees
Scent [2]  The flowers have a delicate sweet scent.
Structure [4]  Herb
Usage [2]  An essential oil from the flowers and leaves is used in perfumery; 1000kg of leaves produces about 300 - 400g absolute; The flowers are used to flavour breath fresheners; A pigment extracted from the flowers is used as a litmus to test for acids and alkalines; Plants can be grown as a ground cover when spaced about 30cm apart each way; They make an effective weed-excluding cover;
Height [2]  3.937 inches (0.1 m)
Width [2]  18 inches (0.45 m)
Light Preference [3]  Mixed Sun/Shade
Soil Acidity [3]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [3]  Rich
Soil Moisture [3]  Moist
View Plants For A Future Record : Viola japonica

Protected Areas

Predators

Distribution

Caribbean; North America; Oceania;

External References

USDA Plant Profile

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999)
4Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
5HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
6Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Images provided by Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License