Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Cucurbitales > Cucurbitaceae > Citrullus > Citrullus lanatus
 

Citrullus lanatus (watermelon)

Synonyms:

Wikipedia Abstract

Citrullus lanatus is a plant species in the family Cucurbitaceae, a vine-like (scrambler and trailer) flowering plant originally from West Africa. It is cultivated for its fruit. The subdivision of this species into two cultivars, watermelons (Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) var. lanatus) and citron melons (Citrullus lanatus var. citroides (L. H. Bailey) Mansf.), originated with the erroneous synonymization of Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai and Citrullus vulgaris Schrad. by L.H.Bailey in 1930. Molecular data including sequences from the original collection of Thunberg and other relevant type material, show that the sweet watermelon (Citrullus vulgaris Schrad.) and the bitter wooly melon Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai are not closely related to each other. Since 1930, tho
View Wikipedia Record: Citrullus lanatus

Attributes

Edible [1]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [1]  Monoecious
Hazards [1]  The sprouting seed produces a toxic substance in its embryo;
Lifespan [1]  Annual
Pollinators [1]  Insects, Lepidoptera
Structure [2]  Herb
Usage [1]  The seed contains 20 - 40% oil. As well as being edible, it is also used for making soap and for lighting; Face masks made from the fruit are used as a cosmetic on delicate skins;
Height [1]  20 inches (0.5 m)
Width [1]  6.56 feet (2 m)
View Plants For A Future Record : Citrullus lanatus

Protected Areas

Predators

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Kew Millennium Seed Bank Partnership
Svalbard Global Seed Vault

Distribution

Caribbean; North America;

External References

USDA Plant Profile

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
2Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
3HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
4Norrbom, A.L. 2004. Fruit fly (Tephritidae) host plant database. Version Nov, 2004.
5Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
7Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License