Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Vitales > Vitaceae > Ampelocissus > Ampelocissus latifolia

Ampelocissus latifolia (American ivy; fiveleaved ivy; Virginia creeper; woodbine)

Synonyms: Vitis zeylanica

Wikipedia Abstract

Ampelocissus latifolia is a plant in the Vitoideae subfamily of the Grape family native to the Indian subcontinent (Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan). It is the type species for the genus of Ampelocissus, and was originally treated under its basionym, Vitis latifolia, which was described scientifically in 1824. The species was moved to Ampelocissus by Jules Émile Planchon in 1884.
View Wikipedia Record: Ampelocissus latifolia


Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Bloom Period [2]  Late Spring
Drought Tolerance [2]  High
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [2]  Low
Flower Type [3]  Hermaphrodite
Frost Free Days [2]  4 months 10 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  Low
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Spring
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Fall
Growth Form [2]  Stoloniferous
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Summer
Growth Rate [2]  Rapid
Hazards [3]  Skin contact with the leaves in autumn can cause dermatitis in some people; The tissues of the plant contain microscopic, irritating needle-like crystals called raphides;
Leaf Type [3]  Deciduous
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Pollinators [3]  Insects, Lepidoptera
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Seed
Root Depth [2]  16 inches (41 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Moderate
Seed Vigor [2]  Medium
Seeds Per [2]  18367 / lb (40492 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Prostrate
Structure [3]  Vine
Usage [3]  A pink dye is obtained from the fruit; The plant can be allowed to fall down banks and make a spreading ground cover; They are best spaced about 3 metres apart each way; They are very vigorous, however, and would soon swamp smaller plants;
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  Rapid
Fall Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Height [3]  98 feet (30 m)
Hardiness Zone Minimum [2]  USDA Zone: 4 Low Temperature: -30 F° (-34.4 C°) → -20 F° (-28.9 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Mixed Sun/Shade
Soil Acidity [2]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [2]  Infertile
Water Use [2]  Low
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Blue
View Plants For A Future Record : Ampelocissus latifolia

Protected Areas

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North America; Palava Protected Landscape Area;

External References

USDA Plant Profile



Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
4HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
5Study of Northern Virginia Ecology
6Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
7Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
8Robertson, C. Flowers and insects lists of visitors of four hundred and fifty three flowers. 1929. The Science Press Printing Company Lancaster, PA.
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Calvin College Ecosystem Preserve
Carlsbad Caverns National Park
Edwin S. George Reserve, University of Michigan, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License