Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Sapindales > Sapindaceae > Acer > Acer negundo

Acer negundo (box elder; boxelder; boxelder maple; california boxelder; manitoba maple; ashleaf maple; western boxelder)

Wikipedia Abstract

Acer negundo is a species of maple native to North America. Box elder, boxelder maple, ash-leaved maple, and maple ash are its most common names in the United States; in Britain and Ireland it is also known as ashleaf maple.
View Wikipedia Record: Acer negundo



Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Screening - Summer [2]  Dense
Screening - Winter [2]  Porous
Shade Percentage [1]  86 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Bloom Period [2]  Early Spring
Drought Tolerance [2]  High
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [2]  Low
Flower Type [3]  Dioecious
Frost Free Days [2]  3 months 10 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Fall
Growth Form [2]  Multiple Stem
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Summer
Growth Rate [2]  Rapid
Janka Hardness [4]  720 lbf (327 kgf) Soft
Leaf Type [3]  Deciduous
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Pollinators [3]  Bees
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Cutting, Seed
Root Depth [2]  3.346 feet (102 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Slow
Seed Vigor [2]  Low
Seeds Per [2]  11360 / lb (25044 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Erect
Specific Gravity [6]  0.46
Structure [3]  Tree
Usage [3]  The leaves are packed around apples, rootcrops etc to help preserve them; A fairly wind-tolerant tree, it can be used in mixed plantings as a part of shelterbelt plantings; Wood - soft, weak, light, close grained. It weighs 27lb per cubic foot; Of little commercial value, it is used for boxes, cheap furniture, pulp, fuel etc; Large trunk burls or knots have been used to make drums;
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  Slow
Flower Color [2]  White
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Brown
Fall Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Height [3]  69 feet (21 m)
Width [3]  26 feet (8 m)
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 3 Low Temperature: -40 F° (-40 C°) → -30 F° (-34.4 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 8 Low Temperature: 10 F° (-12.2 C°) → 20 F° (-6.7 C°)
Light Preference [5]  Mixed Sun/Shade
Soil Acidity [5]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [5]  Rich
Soil Moisture [5]  Moist
Water Use [1]  Moderate
View Plants For A Future Record : Acer negundo

Protected Areas




Parasitized by 
Cyclocybe cylindracea (Poplar Fieldcap)[9]
Lymantria dispar (gypsy moth)[9]
Sawadaea bicornis[9]

Range Map


North America;

External References

USDA Plant Profile



Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
4Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts
5Ellenberg, H., Weber, H.E., Dull, R., Wirth, V., Werner, W., Paulissen, D. (1991) Zeigerwerte von Pflanzen in Mitteleuropa. Scripta Geobotanica 18, 1–248
6Forest Inventory and Analysis DB version 5.1, May 4, 2013, U.S. Forest Service
7HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
8Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
9Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
10Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
11Tamias townsendii, Dallas A. Sutton, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 435, pp. 1-6 (1993)
12Robertson, C. Flowers and insects lists of visitors of four hundred and fifty three flowers. 1929. The Science Press Printing Company Lancaster, PA.
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Calvin College Ecosystem Preserve
Chippewa Nature Center
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Maher Sanctuary, Grand Rapids Audubon Club
Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License