Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Sapindales > Rutaceae > Citrus > Citrus limon
 

Citrus limon (lemon)

Synonyms:

Wikipedia Abstract

The lemon (Citrus × limon) is a species of small evergreen tree native to Asia. The tree's ellipsoidal yellow fruit is used for culinary and non-culinary purposes throughout the world, primarily for its juice, which has both culinary and cleaning uses. The pulp and rind (zest) are also used in cooking and baking. The juice of the lemon is about 5% to 6% citric acid, which gives a sour taste. The distinctive sour taste of lemon juice makes it a key ingredient in drinks and foods such as lemonade and lemon meringue pie.
View Wikipedia Record: Citrus limon

Attributes

Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Shade Percentage [1]  86 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Low
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium-High
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Hermaphrodite
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Pollinators [2]  Apomictic, Insects, Lepidoptera
Structure [2]  Shrub
Usage [2]  A semi-drying oil obtained from the seed is used in soap making; An essential oil from the peel is used as a food flavouring and also in perfumery and medicines; A higher quality essential oil is obtained from the flowers; The peel contains 0.4% essential oil; An essential oil obtained from the leaves and young twigs is called 'petitgrain oil'. Yields are around 0.4%; The dried fruit rind has been used as an insect repellent in the clothes cupboard; The juice of the fruit is used for polishing bronze and other metals that have been neglected; It can also be used for removing ink stains; The juice is used as a bleaching agent; Wood - nicely veined, it takes a beautiful polish;
Height [2]  9.84 feet (3 m)
Width [2]  39 inches (1 m)
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 9 Low Temperature: 20 F° (-6.7 C°) → 30 F° (-1.1 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Water Use [1]  Moderate
View Plants For A Future Record : Citrus limon

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Big Cypress National Preserve V 732120 Florida, United States
Everglades and Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve   Florida, United States  
Hawaii Volcanoes National Park 177278 Hawaii, United States
Tuabaquey - Limones Ecological Reserve II 4859 Cuba  

Predators

Distribution

Caribbean; North America;

External References

USDA Plant Profile

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
6Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
7Norrbom, A.L. 2004. Fruit fly (Tephritidae) host plant database. Version Nov, 2004.
8Citrus Longhorned Beetle, Anoplophora chinensis (Forster) (Insecta: Coleoptera: Cerambycidae), Jamba Gyeltshen and Amanda Hodges, University of Florida
9Notes on Feeding and Breeding Habits of the Purple Sunbird Nectarinia asiatica (Cinnyris asiaticus) in Bandar Abbas, Hormozgan, Southern Iran, TAHER GHADIRIAN, ALI T. QASHQAEI & MOHSEN DADRAS, Podoces, 2007, 2(2): 122–126
10New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
11Dieta da paca (Cuniculus paca) usando métodos indiretos numa área de cultura agrícola na Floresta Atlântica brasileira, Rodrigo Zucaratto, Renata Carrara, Brena Karina Siqueira Franco, Biotemas, 23 (1): 235-239, março de 2010
12del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License