Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Dipsacales > Adoxaceae > Viburnum > Viburnum opulus

Viburnum opulus (European cranberrybush; Guelder rose; viburnum)


Wikipedia Abstract

Viburnum opulus (common name guelder-rose) is a species of flowering plant in the family Adoxaceae (formerly Caprifoliaceae) native to Europe, northern Africa and central Asia.
View Wikipedia Record: Viburnum opulus


Viburnum opulus var. americanum (American Cranberrybush Viburnum)


Allergen Potential [1]  Medium
Screening - Summer [3]  Dense
Screening - Winter [3]  Moderate
Bee Flower Color [2]  Blue-Green
Flower Color [3]  White
Foliage Color [3]  Green
Fruit Color [3]  Red
Bloom Period [3]  Late Spring
Drought Tolerance [3]  Medium
Edible [4]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [3]  Medium
Flower Type [4]  Hermaphrodite
Frost Free Days [3]  3 months 20 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [3]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [3]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [3]  Fall
Growth Form [3]  Multiple Stem
Growth Period [3]  Spring, Summer
Growth Rate [3]  Slow
Hazards [4]  Large quantities of the fruit can cause vomiting and diarrhoea; The fruit is of very low or zero toxicity, it only causes mild upsets when eaten unripe or in large quantities;
Leaf Type [4]  Deciduous
Lifespan [5]  Perennial
Pollinators [4]  Insects, Lepidoptera, Bats
Propagation [3]  Bare Root, Container, Seed
Root Depth [3]  14 inches (36 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [3]  Slow
Seed Vigor [3]  Low
Seeds Per [3]  13600 / lb (29983 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [3]  Erect
Structure [4]  Shrub
Usage [4]  A red dye is obtained from the fruit; An ink can be made from the dried berries; Plants can be grown as a tall hedge; The wood can be used to make skewers;
Vegetative Spread Rate [3]  None
Fall Conspicuous [3]  Yes
Flower Conspicuous [3]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [3]  Yes
Height [4]  16.4 feet (5 m)
Width [4]  16.4 feet (5 m)
Hardiness Zone Minimum [3]  USDA Zone: 3 Low Temperature: -40 F° (-40 C°) → -30 F° (-34.4 C°)
Light Preference [6]  Mixed Sun/Shade
Soil Acidity [6]  Moderate Acid
Soil Fertility [6]  Intermediate
Soil Moisture [6]  Damp
Water Use [3]  Moderate
View Plants For A Future Record : Viburnum opulus

Protected Areas

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Pollinated by 
Eristalis arbustorum[8]
Eristalis interrupta[8]
Eristalis lineata[8]
Hilara interstincta <Unverified Name>[8]


Parasitized by 
Golovinomyces sparsus[11]


North America; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;

External References

USDA Plant Profile



Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2Arnold SEJ, Faruq S, Savolainen V, McOwan PW, Chittka L, 2010 FReD: The Floral Reflectance Database — A Web Portal for Analyses of Flower Colour. PLoS ONE 5(12): e14287.
3USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
4Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
5PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish Plants: Status, Size, Life History, Geography and Habitats, M. O. Hill, C. D. Preston & D. B. Roy, Biological Records Centre, NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (2004)
6ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999)
7HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
8Ecology of Commanster
9Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
10Birds and guelder rose Viburnum opulus: selective consumption and dispersal via regurgitation of small-sized fruits and seeds, Ángel Hernández, Plant Ecol (2009) 203:111–122
11Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
12Birds and berries: a study of an ecological interaction. Calton, Great Britain, Snow B.K., Snow D.W., 1988, T & AD Poyser. 268 p.
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License