Plantae > Tracheophyta > Liliopsida > Poales > Poaceae > Hordeum > Hordeum vulgare
 

Hordeum vulgare (cereal barley; Barley; common barley)

Synonyms:

Wikipedia Abstract

Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.), a member of the grass family, is a major cereal grain grown in temperate climates globally. It was one of the first cultivated grains, particularly in Eurasia as early as 13,000 years ago. Barley has also been used as animal fodder, as a source of fermentable material for beer and certain distilled beverages, and as a component of various health foods. It is used in soups and stews, and in barley bread of various cultures. Barley grains are commonly made into malt in a traditional and ancient method of preparation.
View Wikipedia Record: Hordeum vulgare

Attributes

Bloom Period [1]  Spring
Drought Tolerance [1]  Medium
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [1]  Low
Flower Type [2]  Hermaphrodite
Frost Free Days [1]  90 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [1]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [1]  Spring
Fruit/Seed End [1]  Summer
Growth Form [1]  Bunch
Growth Period [1]  Spring, Fall, Winter
Growth Rate [1]  Rapid
Leaf Type [1]  Deciduous
Lifespan [2]  Annual
Pollinators [2]  Wind
Propagation [1]  Seed
Regrowth Rate [1]  Slow
Root Depth [1]  10 inches (25 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [1]  Slow
Seed Vigor [1]  High
Seeds Per [1]  13600 / lb (29983 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [1]  Erect
Structure [4]  Grass
Usage [2]  The stems, after the seed has been harvested, have many uses. They are a source of fibres for making paper, a biomass for fuel etc, they can be shredded and used as a mulch;
Vegetative Spread Rate [1]  None
Flower Color [1]  Yellow
Foliage Color [1]  Green
Fruit Color [1]  Brown
Fruit Conspicuous [1]  Yes
Height [2]  39 inches (1 m)
Width [2]  8 inches (0.2 m)
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 2 Low Temperature: -50 F° (-45.6 C°) → -40 F° (-40 C°)
Light Preference [3]  Full Sun
Soil Acidity [3]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [3]  Rich
Soil Moisture [3]  Mostly Dry
Water Use [1]  Moderate
Screening - Summer [1]  Moderate
Screening - Winter [1]  Porous
View Plants For A Future Record : Hordeum vulgare

Protected Areas

Predators

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Blumeria graminis[5]
Helicotylenchus dihystera <Unverified Name>[13]
Helicotylenchus erythrinae <Unverified Name>[13]
Puccinia graminis[5]
Puccinia hordei (Barley brown rust)[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Svalbard Global Seed Vault

Distribution

North America; Oceania;

External References

USDA Plant Profile

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999)
4Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6FEEDING ECOLOGY OF PINTAIL HENS DURING REPRODUCTION, GARY L. KRAPU, The Auk 91: 278-290. April 1974
7Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
8del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
9CONTRIBUTION TO THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE DIET OF IRANIAN BIRDS, Abolghasem Khaleghizadeh, Mohammad E. Sehhatisabet, Екологія, Беркут 15, Вип. 1-2. 2006. pp. 145-150
10Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
11New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
12THE FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIGESTIVE TRACT MORPHOMETRY OF TWO SYMPATRIC TINAMOUS OF THE HIGH PLATEAU OF THE BOLIVIAN ANDES: THE ORNATE TINAMOU (NOTHOPROCTA ORNATA) AND THE DARWIN’S NOTHURA (NOTHURA DARWINII), Álvaro Garitano-Zavala, Jacint Nadal & Pamela Ávila, ORNITOLOGIA NEOTROPICAL 14: 173–194, 2003
13Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License