Plantae > Tracheophyta > Liliopsida > Poales > Poaceae > Lolium > Lolium rigidum
 

Lolium rigidum (Wimmera ryegrass)

Synonyms:

Wikipedia Abstract

Lolium rigidum is a species of annual grass. Common names by which it is known include annual ryegrass, a name also given to Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum), rigid ryegrass, stiff darnel, Swiss ryegrass and Wimmera ryegrass. It is a native of southern Europe, northern Africa, the Middle East and the Indian subcontinent and is grown as a forage crop, particularly in Australia.
View Wikipedia Record: Lolium rigidum

Attributes

Allergen Potential [1]  High
Screening - Summer [2]  Dense
Screening - Winter [2]  Porous
Bloom Period [2]  Early Spring
Drought Tolerance [2]  Low
Fire Tolerance [2]  Low
Frost Free Days [2]  6 months 20 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Spring
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Spring
Growth Form [2]  Bunch
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Fall, Winter
Growth Rate [2]  Rapid
Leaf Type [3]  Evergreen
Lifespan [2]  Annual
Propagation [2]  Seed
Regrowth Rate [2]  Rapid
Root Depth [2]  10 inches (25 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Slow
Seed Vigor [2]  High
Seeds Per [2]  217000 / lb (478403 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Erect
Structure [3]  Grass
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  None
Flower Color [2]  Yellow
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Brown
Height [2]  3.608 feet (1.1 m)
Hardiness Zone Minimum [2]  USDA Zone: 8 Low Temperature: 10 F° (-12.2 C°) → 20 F° (-6.7 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Full Sun
Soil Acidity [2]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [2]  Very Rich
Water Use [2]  High

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
Norfolk Island National Park II 1723 Australian external territories, Australia  
Wyperfeld National Park II 890865 Victoria, Australia

Predators

Arethusana arethusa (False Grayling)[4]
Exaeretopus harpazi[5]
Hipparchia statilinus (Tree Grayling)[4]
Satyrus actaea (Black Satyr)[4]
Vicugna pacos (alpaca)[6]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anguina funesta <Unverified Name>[7]
Urocystis bolivarii[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Svalbard Global Seed Vault

Distribution

North America;

External References

USDA Plant Profile

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
6BOTANICAL COMPOSITION OF ALPACA (Lama pacos Linn.) DIET IN A CENTRAL MEDITERRANEAN RANGE OF CHILE, G. Castellaro G., F. Squella N., F. León C., and A. Raggi S., CHILEAN JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH 68:136-145 (APRIL-JUNE 2008)
7Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License