Plantae > Tracheophyta > Liliopsida > Poales > Poaceae > Cenchrus > Cenchrus setaceus

Cenchrus setaceus (fountaingrass; fountain grass; crimson fountaingrass)


Wikipedia Abstract

Pennisetum setaceum, commonly known as crimson fountaingrass, is a C4 perennial bunch grass that is native to open, scrubby habitats in East Africa, tropical Africa, Middle East and SW Asia. It has been introduced to many parts of the world as an ornamental plant. It is drought-tolerant, grows fast, reaches 3 feet in height, and has many purple, plumose flower spikes.
View Wikipedia Record: Cenchrus setaceus

Invasive Species

Pennisetum setaceum was introduced to the United States as an ornamental grass. It reproduces high numbers of wind-dispersed seeds that have spread outside of planted areas. Pennisetum setaceum is a desert plant that is prevalent along roadsides, washes and canyons where the annual rainfall is less than 127cm. Pennisetum setaceum interferes with natural fire regimes and competes with native species for limited resources.
View ISSG Record: Cenchrus setaceus


Bloom Period [1]  Mid Summer
Drought Tolerance [1]  High
Fire Tolerance [1]  High
Frost Free Days [1]  9 months 10 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [1]  Medium
Fruit/Seed Begin [1]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [1]  Fall
Growth Form [1]  Bunch
Growth Period [1]  Summer
Growth Rate [1]  Moderate
Leaf Type [1]  Deciduous
Lifespan [1]  Perennial
Propagation [1]  Container, Seed, Sprig
Regrowth Rate [1]  Slow
Root Depth [1]  12 inches (30 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [1]  Slow
Seed Vigor [1]  Medium
Seeds Per [1]  999998 / lb (2204620 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [1]  Erect
Structure [2]  Grass
Vegetative Spread Rate [1]  None
Flower Color [1]  Yellow
Foliage Color [1]  Green
Fruit Color [1]  Purple
Fall Conspicuous [1]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [1]  Yes
Height [1]  3.608 feet (1.1 m)
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 8 Low Temperature: 10 F° (-12.2 C°) → 20 F° (-6.7 C°)
Light Preference [1]  Full Sun
Soil Acidity [1]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [1]  Intermediate
Water Use [1]  Low
Screening - Summer [1]  Moderate
Screening - Winter [1]  Porous

Protected Areas

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Svalbard Global Seed Vault


North America; Oceania;

External References

USDA Plant Profile



Attributes / relations provided by
1USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
2Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License