Plantae > Tracheophyta > Liliopsida > Poales > Poaceae > Zea > Zea mays

Zea mays (corn)

Synonyms: Mays americana; Mays zea; Mayzea cerealis; Thalysia mays; Zea segetalis

Wikipedia Abstract

Maize (/ˈmeɪz/ MAYZ; Zea mays subsp. mays, from Spanish: maíz after Taíno mahiz), also known as corn, is a large grain plant first domesticated by indigenous peoples in Mexico about 10,000 years ago. The six major types of corn are dent corn, flint corn, pod corn, popcorn, flour corn, and sweet corn. The leafy stalk of the plant produces separate pollen and ovuliferous inflorescences or ears, which are fruits, yielding kernels (often erroneously called seeds). Maize kernels are often used in cooking as a starch.
View Wikipedia Record: Zea mays



Bloom Period [1]  Early Summer
Drought Tolerance [1]  Low
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [1]  None
Flower Type [2]  Monoecious
Frost Free Days [1]  90 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [1]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [1]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [1]  Summer
Growth Form [1]  Single Stem
Growth Period [1]  Summer
Growth Rate [1]  Rapid
Leaf Type [1]  Deciduous
Lifespan [2]  Annual
Pollinators [2]  Wind
Propagation [1]  Seed
Root Depth [1]  8 inches (20 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [1]  Slow
Seed Vigor [1]  High
Seeds Per [1]  1134 / lb (2500 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [1]  Erect
Structure [4]  Grass
Usage [2]  A glue is made from the starch in the seed; This starch is also used in cosmetics and the manufacture of glucose; A semi-drying oil is obtained from the seed; It has many industrial uses, in the manufacture of linoleum, paints, varnishes, soaps etc; The corn spathes are used in the production of paper, straw hats and small articles such as little baskets; A fibre obtained from the stems and seed husks is used for making paper; They are harvested in late summer after the seed has been harvested, they are cut into usable pieces and soaked in clear water for 24 hours. They are then cooked for 2 hours in soda ash and then beaten in a ball mill for 1
Vegetative Spread Rate [1]  None
Flower Color [1]  Yellow
Foliage Color [1]  Dark Green
Fruit Color [1]  Yellow
Fruit Conspicuous [1]  Yes
Height [2]  6.56 feet (2 m)
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 10 Low Temperature: 30 F° (-1.1 C°) → 40 F° (4.4 C°)
Light Preference [3]  Mostly Sunny
Soil Acidity [3]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [3]  Rich
Soil Moisture [3]  Mostly Dry
Water Use [1]  High
Screening - Summer [1]  Moderate
Screening - Winter [1]  Porous
View Plants For A Future Record : Zea mays

Protected Areas




Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Svalbard Global Seed Vault


Caribbean; North America;

External References

USDA Plant Profile



Attributes / relations provided by
1USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999)
4Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
7New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
8Yellow-headed Amazon, BirdLife International (1992) Threatened Birds of the Americas. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International.
9Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
10Species of Frankliniella Trybom (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) from the Asian-Pacific Area, Chin-Ling Wang, Feng-Chyi Lin, Yi-Chung Chiu, and Hsien-Tzung Shih, Zoological Studies 49(6): 824-838 (2010)
11The Crop and Gizzard Food Contents of Purple Glossy Starling (Lamprotornis purpureus) in Jere and Konduga Local Government Areas of Borno State, Nigeria, S.D. YUSUFU AND Z.M. BELLO, Int. J. Agri. Biol., Vol. 6, No. 2, 2004, p. 270-271
12Leptodictya tabida (Herrich-Schaeffer) (Insecta: Hemiptera: Tingidae), Ru Nguyen, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry, and David G. Hall, U.S. Sugar Corporation, July 1998
13Diet of the Scaly-headed Parrot (Pionus maximiliani) in a Semideciduous Forest in Southeastern Brazil, Mauro Galetti, BIOTROPICA 25(4): 419-425 1993
14Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
15Robertson, C. Flowers and insects lists of visitors of four hundred and fifty three flowers. 1929. The Science Press Printing Company Lancaster, PA.
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License