Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Rosales > Moraceae > Ficus > Ficus benghalensis

Ficus benghalensis (Indian banyan)


Wikipedia Abstract

Ficus benghalensis, with the common name Indian banyan, is a tree which is native to the Indian Subcontinent. Specimens in India are among the largest trees in the world by canopy coverage.
View Wikipedia Record: Ficus benghalensis


Air Quality Improvement [1]  None
Allergen Potential [1]  Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Medium-High
Shade Percentage [1]  91 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium-High
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium-High
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Lifespan [3]  Perennial
Specific Gravity [4]  0.494
Structure [2]  Tree
Height [1]  63 feet (19.1 m)
Width [1]  60 feet (18.3 m)
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Water Use [1]  Moderate

Emblem of

Madhya Pradesh



North America;

External References

USDA Plant Profile



Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
3USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
4Chave J, Coomes D, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Swenson NG, Zanne AE (2009) Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Ecology Letters 12: 351-366. Zanne AE, Lopez-Gonzalez G, Coomes DA, Ilic J, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Miller RB, Swenson NG, Wiemann MC, Chave J (2009) Data from: Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Dryad Digital Repository.
5"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
6Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
7HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
8Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
9del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
10Edwards Wasp Moth, Lymire edwardsii (Grote) (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Arctiidae: Ctenuchinae), Dale H. Habeck and Frank W. Mead, University of Florida, December 2000. Revised October 2010
11Feeding ecology of sloth bears in a disturbed area in central India, H.S. Bargali, Naim Akhtar,and N.P.S. Chauhan, Ursus 15(2):212-217 (2004)
12Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
13Sudhakaran, M.R. & P.S. Doss (2012). Food and foraging preferences of three pteropo- did bats in southern India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 4(1): 2295-2303
14Feeding Ecology of Trachypithecus pileatus in India, G. S. Solanki & Awadhesh Kumar & B. K. Sharma, Int J Primatol (2008) 29:173–182
158.2 Indian fox, Vulpes bengalensis, A.J.T. Johnsingh and Y.V. Jhala, Sillero-Zubiri, C., Hoffmann, M. and Macdonald, D.W. (eds). 2004. Canids: Foxes, Wolves, Jackals and Dogs. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Canid Specialist Group. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. x + 430 pp.
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