Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Caryophyllales > Amaranthaceae > Atriplex > Atriplex halimus

Atriplex halimus (saltbush)


Wikipedia Abstract

Atriplex halimus (known also by its common names: Mediterranean saltbush, Sea orache, Shrubby orache, Silvery orache) is a species of fodder shrub in the Amaranthaceae family, which is native to Europe and Northern Africa, including the Sahara in Morocco. This plant is often cultivated as forage because tolerating severe conditions of drought, and it can grow up in very alkaline and saline soils. In addition, it is useful to valorize degraded and marginal areas because it will contribute to the improvement of phytomass in this case. It is a dietary staple for the Sand Rat (Psammomys obesus).
View Wikipedia Record: Atriplex halimus



Allergen Potential [1]  High
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Monoecious
Hazards [2]  No member of this genus contains any toxins, all have more or less edible leaves. However, if grown with artificial fertilizers, they may concentrate harmful amounts of nitrates in their leaves.
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Pollinators [2]  Wind
Structure [2]  Shrub
Usage [2]  The ash from the burnt plant is used as the alkali in making soap; The plant makes a superb wind-resistant low-growing hedge that can be allowed to grow untrimmed or can be trimmed; It is especially valuable in maritime areas, succeeding right on the coast, though can also be used inland; The plant is extremely tolerant of pruning and can regrow even when cut back into old wood; The plant draws salt out of the soil and so has been used in soil-reclamation projects to de-salinate the soil;
Height [2]  6.56 feet (2 m)
Width [2]  9.84 feet (3 m)
View Plants For A Future Record : Atriplex halimus

Protected Areas


Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Kew Millennium Seed Bank Partnership
Svalbard Global Seed Vault


External References

USDA Plant Profile



Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
4HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
5Camelus dromedarius, Ilse U. Köhler-Rollefson, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 375, pp. 1-8 (1991)
6Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Images provided by Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License