Animalia > Chordata > Amphibia > Caudata > Ambystomatidae > Ambystoma > Ambystoma altamirani

Ambystoma altamirani (Mountain stream siredon)

Synonyms: Rhyacosiredon altamirani; Rhyacosiredon zempoalaensis

Wikipedia Abstract

The mountain stream salamander or mountain stream siredon (Ambystoma altamirani) is a species of mole salamander that only lives in central México.
View Wikipedia Record: Ambystoma altamirani

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Ambystoma altamirani

EDGE Analysis

The mountain stream siredon belongs to the family Ambystomatidae, or “the mole salamanders”, which diverged from all other salamanders in the Early Cretaceous period over 140 million years ago. This is around five million years before the koala and dolphin lineages diverged from their common ancestor. It occurs in isolated populations on high mountains to the south and west of the Valley of Mexico in the central state of México, southern Distrito Federal, and northwestern Morelos, Mexico. Now categorised as Critically Endangered, the forest and streams which it inhabits urgently need conserving to secure its survival before it falls victim to extinction.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 42.62
EDGE Score: 5.86
View EDGE Record: Ambystoma altamirani


Adult Length [1]  4.528 inches (11.5 cm)
Litters / Year [1]  1


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Central Mexican matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Cobio Chichinautzin Flora and Fauna Protection Area 92175 Mexico  
El Tepozteco National Park II   Morelos, Mexico      

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No

Range Map


Middle America;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Oliveira, Brunno Freire; São-Pedro, Vinícius Avelar; Santos-Barrera, Georgina; Penone, Caterina; C. Costa, Gabriel. (2017) AmphiBIO, a global database for amphibian ecological traits. Sci. Data.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License