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Pteropus tonganus (Pacific flying fox; insular flying fox)

Wikipedia Abstract

The insular flying fox or Pacific flying fox (Pteropus tonganus) is a species of flying fox in the family Pteropodidae. It is geographically widespread, the most widespread flying fox in the Pacific: it is found in American Samoa, the Cook Islands, Fiji, New Caledonia, Niue, Papua New Guinea, Samoa (where it is called pe'a fanua, pe'a fai and taulaga), the Solomon Islands, Tonga, and Vanuatu.
View Wikipedia Record: Pteropus tonganus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
3
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
21
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.15
EDGE Score: 2.1

Attributes

Arboreal [1]  Yes
Litter Size [2]  1
Litters / Year [2]  1
Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Adult Weight [2]  1.246 lbs (565 g)
Diet [3]  Frugivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  100 %
Forages - Arboreal [3]  100 %

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
National Park of American Samoa II   American Samoa, United States    

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
East Melanesian Islands Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu No
New Caledonia New Caledonia No
Polynesia-Micronesia Fiji, Micronesia, Polynesia, Samoa, Tonga, United States No

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

Predators

Falco peregrinus (Peregrine Falcon)[6]
Tyto alba (Barn Owl)[2]

Providers

Shelter 
Guettarda speciosa (beach gardenia)[2]
Homalium acuminatum[2]
Cananga odorata (ilang-ilang)[2]
Cerbera manghas (Sea Mango)[2]

Range Map

Distribution

Australia; Oceania;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
2Pteropus tonganus, Carrie A. Miller and Don E. Wilson, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 552, pp. 1-6 (1997)
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Roosting Behavior of Colonial and Solitary Flying Foxes in American Samoa (Chiroptera: Pteropodidae), Anne P. Brooke, Christopher Solek, Ailao Tualaulelei, Biotropica 32(2): 338-350, 2000
5"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License