Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Carnivora > Felidae > Puma > Puma concolor

Puma concolor (Cougar; Puma; mountain lion; panther)

Synonyms: Felis concolor
Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The cougar (Puma concolor), also commonly known as the mountain lion, puma, panther, or catamount, is a large felid of the subfamily Felinae native to the Americas. Its range, from the Canadian Yukon to the southern Andes of South America, is the greatest of any large wild terrestrial mammal in the Western Hemisphere. An adaptable, generalist species, the cougar is found in most American habitat types. It is the second-heaviest cat in the New World, after the jaguar. Secretive and largely solitary by nature, the cougar is properly considered both nocturnal and crepuscular, although there are daytime sightings. The cougar is more closely related to smaller felines, including the domestic cat (subfamily Felinae), than to any species of subfamily Pantherinae, of which only the jaguar is nativ
View Wikipedia Record: Puma concolor


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 14.64
EDGE Score: 2.75


Adult Weight [1]  138.892 lbs (63.00 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  400 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Vertebrates)
Diet - Endothermic [2]  100 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Female Maturity [1]  2 years 6 months
Male Maturity [1]  2 years 6 months
Gestation [1]  3 months 2 days
Litter Size [1]  3
Litters / Year [1]  0.45
Maximum Longevity [1]  24 years
Nocturnal [3]  Yes
Weaning [1]  90 days


Protected Areas

+ Click for partial list (100)Full list (192)

Biodiversity Hotspots

Emblem of


Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap


Canis lupus (Wolf)[5]
Puma concolor (Cougar)[5]


Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map


Middle America; North America; Patfa Valley dry forests; South America;

External References


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Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
4Food niche of Puma concolor in central Mexico, Octavio Monroy-Vilchis, Yuriana Gómez, Mariusz Janczur & Vicente Urios, Wildlife Biology 15: 97-105 (2009)
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6Conepatus leuconotus (Carnivora: Mephitidae), JERRY W. DRAGOO AND STEVEN R. SHEFFIELD, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 827:1–8 (2009)
7Agouti paca, Elizabeth M. Pérez, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 404, pp. 1-7 (1992)
8Dolichotis patagonum, Claudia M. Campos, Marcelo F. Tognelli, and Ricardo A. Ojeda, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 652, pp. 1–5 (2001)
9Diet and habitat of the huemul (Hippocamelus bisulcus) in Bernardo O’ Higgins National Park, Chile, Jasper van Winden, MSc-thesis, April 2006, Utrecht University
10Lagostomus maximus, John E. Jackson, Lyn C. Branch, and Diego Villarreal, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 543, pp. 1-6 (1996)
11Lycalopex gymnocercus (Carnivora: Canidae), MAURO LUCHERINI AND ESTELA M. LUENGOS VIDAL, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 820:1–9 (2008)
12Marmota caligata (Rodentia: Sciuridae), JANET K. BRAUN, T. SCOTT EATON, JR., AND MICHAEL A. MARES, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 43(884):155–171 (2011)
13Marmota olympus, Andrew J. Edelman, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 736, pp. 1–5 (2003)
14Martes americana, Tim W. Clark, Elaine Anderson, Carman Douglas, and Marjorie Strickland, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 289, pp. 1-8 (1987)
15Myocastor coypus, Charles A. Woods, Luis Contreras, Gale Willner-Chapman, and Howard P. Whidden, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 398, pp. 1-8 (1992)
16Nasua nasua, Matthew E. Gompper and Denise M. Decker, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 580, pp. 1-9 (1998)
17Odocoileus hemionus, Allen E. Anderson and Olof C. Wallmo, Mammalian Species No. 219, pp. 1-9 (1984)
18Tapirus pinchaque (Perissodactyla: Tapiridae), MIGUEL PADILLA, ROBERT C. DOWLER, AND CRAIG C. DOWNER, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 42(863):166–182 (2010)
19Tayassu pecari, John J. Mayer and Ralph M. Wetzel, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 293, pp. 1-7 (1987)
20Marmosa canescens, Heliot Zarza, Gerardo Ceballos, and Michael A. Steele, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 725, pp. 1–4 (2003)
21Spermophilus columbianus, Charles L. Elliott and Jerran T. Flinders, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 372, pp. 1-9 (1991)
22Zaedyus pichiy (Cingulata: Dasypodidae), MARIELLA SUPERINA AND AGUSTIN M. ABBA, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 46(905):1–10 (2014)
23Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
24Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
25International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
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