Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Didelphimorphia > Didelphidae > Didelphis > Didelphis marsupialis

Didelphis marsupialis (Common Opossum)

Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The common opossum (Didelphis marsupialis), also called the southern or black-eared opossum or gambá, is a mammal species living from the northeast of Mexico to Bolivia (reaching the coast of the South Pacific Ocean to the central coast of Peru), including the Lesser Antilles, where it is called manicou. It prefers the woods, but can also live in fields and cities. The common opossum is sometimes used for food in islands in the West Indies by humans.
View Wikipedia Record: Didelphis marsupialis


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 19.74
EDGE Score: 3.03


Arboreal [1]  Yes
Gestation [2]  12 days
Litter Size [2]  6
Litters / Year [2]  2
Maximum Longevity [2]  4 years
Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Weaning [2]  3 months 4 days
Adult Weight [2]  3.373 lbs (1.53 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  0.2 grams
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Herbivore
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  20 %
Diet - Plants [3]  20 %
Diet - Scavenger [3]  30 %
Diet - Vertibrates [3]  30 %
Forages - Scansorial [3]  100 %
Female Maturity [2]  5 months 28 days
Male Maturity [2]  8 months


Protected Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No

Prey / Diet

Ficus cotinifolia[4]
Lasiurus borealis (red bat)[5]
Microtus pinetorum (woodland vole)[6]
Tadarida brasiliensis (Brazilian free-tailed bat)[7]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Full list (106)
Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Agkistrodon contortrix (Southern Copperhead)2
Bubo virginianus (Great Horned Owl)3
Falco sparverius (American Kestrel)2
Geococcyx californianus (Greater Roadrunner)2
Tyto alba (Barn Owl)2



Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Fundacion Zoologica de Cali
North Carolina Zoological Park
Wildlife World Zoo
Zoologischer Garten Halle GmbH

Range Map


Middle America; Patfa Valley dry forests; South America; Trinity Hills Wildlife Sactuary;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
5Lasiurus borealis, Karl A. Shump Jr. and Ann U. Shump, Mammalian Species No. 183, pp. 1-6 (1982)
6Microtus pinetorum, Michael J. Smolen, Mammalian Species No. 147, pp. 1-7 (1981)
7Tadarida brasiliensis, Kenneth T. Wilkins, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 331, pp. 1-10 (1989)
8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
9Eira barbara, Steven J. Presley, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 636, pp. 1–6 (2000)
10Galictis vittata, Eric Yensen and Teresa Tarifa, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 727, pp. 1–8 (2003)
11Movement patterns and food habits of four sympatric carnivore species in Belize, Central America, Michael John Konecny, Advances in Neotropical Mammalogy, 1984:243-264
12Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
13International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License