Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Diprotodontia > Vombatidae > Lasiorhinus > Lasiorhinus krefftii

Lasiorhinus krefftii (Northern Hairy-nosed Wombat)

Wikipedia Abstract

The northern hairy-nosed wombat (Lasiorhinus krefftii) is one of three species of wombats. It is one of the rarest land mammals in the world and is critically endangered. Its historical range extended across New South Wales, Victoria, and Queensland as recently as 100 years ago, but it is now restricted to one place, a 3-km2 range within the 32-km2 Epping Forest National Park in Queensland. In 2003, the total population consisted of 113 individuals, including only around 30 breeding females. In the last census taken in 2013, the estimated population was 196 individuals, with an additional 9 individuals at the Richard Underwood Nature Refuge at Yarran Downs near St. George in southern Queensland. In recent years, the population has experienced a slow but steady increase to an estimated 230
View Wikipedia Record: Lasiorhinus krefftii


Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Lasiorhinus krefftii

EDGE Analysis

This heavily-built marsupial is the largest known herbivorous burrowing mammal. It has a distinctive broad muzzle covered in fine hairs, and powerful limbs for burrowing. Nocturnal and mostly solitary, the wombat spends its days in a burrow and comes out at night to feed on grass. The species has suffered greatly since European settlement. It has lost much of its habitat to farming, and is predated by introduced mammals such as dingos. Today only a single colony remains, protected by a dingo-proof fence.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 26.14
EDGE Score: 6.07
View EDGE Record: Lasiorhinus krefftii


Adult Weight [1]  68.344 lbs (31.00 kg)
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Diet - Plants [2]  100 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  30 years
Nocturnal [2]  Yes
Weaning [1]  1 year


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Brigalow tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Mitchell grass downs Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Epping Forest National Park II 6795 Queensland, Australia  

Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) Sites

Name  Location   Map   Climate   Land Use 
Epping Forest National Park Australia

Prey / Diet

Fimbristylis dichotoma (forked fimbry)[3]


Parasitized by 
Oesophagostomoides eppingensis <Unverified Name>[4]
Paramoniezia johnstoni <Unverified Name>[4]
Paramoniezia suis <Unverified Name>[4]

Range Map



External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Species Profile and Threats Database, Australian Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
AZE sites provided by Alliance for Zero Extinction (2010). 2010 AZE Update.
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License