Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Diprotodontia > Potoroidae > Bettongia > Bettongia penicillata

Bettongia penicillata (Woylie)

Wikipedia Abstract

The woylie (Bettongia ogilbyi), also known as the brush-tailed bettong, is an extremely rare small marsupial that belongs to the genus Bettongia. It is endemic to Australia. Formerly it had two separate subspecies, B. p. ogilbyi and the now extinct B. p. penicillata.
View Wikipedia Record: Bettongia penicillata

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Bettongia penicillata

EDGE Analysis

The woylie, or brush-tailed bettong, is a small nocturnal marsupial that plays an important role in maintaining the health of its habitat. Formerly widespread across much of Australia, the woylie declined dramatically following European colonisation. However, extensive conservation efforts throughout the 1970s, 1980s and 1990s brought the species back from the brink of extinction; the woylie became the first mammal in Australia to be removed from threatened species lists as a result of conservation action. Unfortunately the species has once again suffered a population crash with populations estimated to have declined by more than 80% over the past decade. Researchers are racing against the clock to identify the cause of the declines so that appropriate conservation action can be taken.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 9.04
EDGE Score: 5.08
View EDGE Record: Bettongia penicillata


Adult Weight [1]  3.307 lbs (1.50 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  0.29 grams
Diet [2]  Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Plants [2]  70 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  30 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Female Maturity [1]  6 months
Gestation [1]  18 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  3
Maximum Longevity [1]  19 years
Nocturnal [2]  Yes
Weaning [1]  5 months


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Cape York Peninsula tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Carpentaria tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Einasleigh upland savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Jarrah-Karri forest and shrublands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwest Australia woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Fitzgerald River National Park II 732417 Western Australia, Australia
Francois Peron National Park II 129953 Western Australia, Australia      
Shark Bay World Heritage Site 5429647 Western Australia, Australia    
Tone-Perup Nature Reserve 138231 Western Australia, Australia      

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Southwest Australia Australia No


Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map



External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
5International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License