Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Casuariiformes > Casuariidae > Casuarius > Casuarius casuarius

Casuarius casuarius (Southern Cassowary)

Synonyms: Struthio casuarius

Wikipedia Abstract

The southern cassowary (Casuarius casuarius) also known as double-wattled cassowary, Australian cassowary or two-wattled cassowary, is a large flightless black bird. It is a ratite and therefore related to emu, ostrich, and the Rhea and Kiwi genera. (See also dwarf cassowary and northern cassowary.)
View Wikipedia Record: Casuarius casuarius

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 18.8132
EDGE Score: 4.37264


Adult Weight [1]  97.004 lbs (44.00 kg)
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  80 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  10 %
Diet - Vertibrates [2]  10 %
Forages - Understory [2]  20 %
Forages - Ground [2]  80 %
Female Maturity [3]  3 years
Male Maturity [3]  3 years
Clutch Size [4]  4
Clutches / Year [3]  2
Incubation [3]  54 days


Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Wasur-Rawa Biru National Park 605464 Papua, Indonesia  

Important Bird Areas

Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Pulau Kobroor Indonesia A1, A2

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Wallacea East Timor, Indonesia No

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap


Parasitized by 
Raillietina casuarii <Unverified Name>[7]
Raillietina geraldschmidti <Unverified Name>[7]
Raillietina infrequens <Unverified Name>[7]
Toxoplasma gondii <Unverified Name>[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map



External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Brown, C. R. 1997. Purple martin (Progne subis). In A. Poole, and F. Gill, eds. The Birds of North America. No. 287. Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, and American Ornithologists’ Union, Washington, DC. 32pp.
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5Stocker, G. C., & Irvine, A. K. (1983). Seed dispersal by cassowaries (Casuarius casuarius) in North Queensland's rainforests. Biotropica, 170-176.
6"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
8Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License