Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Piciformes > Ramphastidae > Andigena > Andigena nigrirostris

Andigena nigrirostris (Black-billed Mountain Toucan)

Wikipedia Abstract

The black-billed mountain toucan (Andigena nigrirostris) is a species of bird in the Ramphastidae family. It is found in humid highland forests in the Andes of western Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador and far northern Peru. It is the only mountain-toucan with a white throat. Despite its name, only the nominate subspecies has an entirely black bill, while both A. n. occidentalis and A. n. spilorhyncha have bills that are chestnut and black.
View Wikipedia Record: Andigena nigrirostris


Andigena nigrirostris nigrirostris (Eastern black-bill mountain toucan)
Andigena nigrirostris occidentalis (Western black-bill mountain toucan)
Andigena nigrirostris spilorhynchus (Central black-bill mountain toucan)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.72155
EDGE Score: 1.74424


Diet [1]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore
Diet - Fruit [1]  50 %
Diet - Invertibrates [1]  20 %
Diet - Seeds [1]  30 %
Forages - Canopy [1]  80 %
Forages - Mid-High [1]  20 %


Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Cayambe-Coca Ecological Reserve VI 921676 Ecuador  
Parque Nacional Guaramacal National Park II 62675 Venezuela  
Podocarpus National Park II 364096 Ecuador  
Reserva Natural Tambito   Colombia      

Important Bird Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela Yes

Range Map


External References


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Attributes / relations provided by
1Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2