Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Piciformes > Ramphastidae > Ramphastos > Ramphastos toco
 

Ramphastos toco (Toco Toucan)

Wikipedia Abstract

The toco toucan (Ramphastos toco), also known as the common toucan or simply toucan, is the largest and probably the best known species in the toucan family. It is found in semi-open habitats throughout a large part of central and eastern South America. It is a common attraction in zoos.
View Wikipedia Record: Ramphastos toco

Infraspecies

Ramphastos toco albogularis (Southern toco toucan)
Ramphastos toco toco (Northern toco toucan)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
9
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
27
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.72863
EDGE Score: 2.16661

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  1.191 lbs (540 g)
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Endothermic [2]  10 %
Diet - Fruit [2]  70 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  20 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  60 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  10 %
Forages - Understory [2]  10 %
Forages - Ground [2]  20 %
Clutch Size [3]  3
Incubation [1]  16 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  16 years

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
Cerrado Brazil No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

Predators

Harpia harpyja (Harpy Eagle)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Capillaria columbae <Unverified Name>[7]
Capillaria venusta <Unverified Name>[7]
Oxyspirura sygmoidea <Unverified Name>[7]
Paratanaisia confusa <Unverified Name>[7]
Thelazia digitata <Unverified Name>[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map

Distribution

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Intrinsic aging-related mortality in birds, Robert E. Ricklefs, JOURNAL OF AVIAN BIOLOGY 31: 103–111. Copenhagen 2000
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
4Animals of the Rainforest
5"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
6TOCO TOUCAN FEEDING ECOLOGY AND LOCAL ABUNDANCE IN A HABITAT MOSAIC IN THE BRAZILIAN CERRADO, José Ragusa-Netto, ORNITOLOGIA NEOTROPICAL 19: 345–359, 2008
7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License