Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Bucerotiformes > Bucerotidae > Tockus > Tockus alboterminatus
 

Tockus alboterminatus (Crowned Hornbill; Crested Hornbill)

Wikipedia Abstract

The crowned hornbill (Tockus alboterminatus) is an African hornbill.
View Wikipedia Record: Tockus alboterminatus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
14
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
33
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 11.2575
EDGE Score: 2.50614

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  224 grams
Birth Weight [2]  17.4 grams
Female Weight [1]  205 grams
Male Weight [1]  244 grams
Weight Dimorphism [1]  19 %
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Ectothermic [3]  10 %
Diet - Endothermic [3]  10 %
Diet - Fruit [3]  40 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  40 %
Forages - Canopy [3]  60 %
Forages - Mid-High [3]  10 %
Forages - Understory [3]  10 %
Forages - Ground [3]  20 %
Clutch Size [5]  3
Incubation [4]  26 days

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No

Prey / Diet

Commiphora harveyi[6]
Ficus sansibarica (Knobbly fig)[7]
Ficus sur (Cape fig)[8]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Paruterina southwelli <Unverified Name>[9]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Distribution

Africa;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Kemp, A. 1995. The Hornbills. Oxford: Oxford University Press
2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6Seed Dispersal by Birds in a South African and a Malagasy Commiphora Species, Bärbel Bleher, Katrin Böhning-Gaese, Ecotropica 6: 43–53, 2000
7"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
8Specialization and interaction strength in a tropical plant-frugivore network differ among forest strata, Matthias Schleuning, Nico Blüthgen, Martina Flörchinger, Julius Braun, H. Martin Schaefer, and Katrin Böhning-Gaese, Ecology, in press.
9Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License