Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Bucerotiformes > Bucerotidae > Ocyceros > Ocyceros griseus
 

Ocyceros griseus (Malabar Grey Hornbill)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Malabar grey hornbill (Ocyceros griseus) is a hornbill endemic to the Western Ghats and associated hills of southern India. They have a large beak but lack the casque that is prominent in some other hornbill species. They are found mainly in dense forest and around rubber, arecanut or coffee plantations. They move around in small groups, feeding on figs and other forest fruits. Their loud cackling and laughing call makes them familiar to people living in the region.
View Wikipedia Record: Ocyceros griseus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
8
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
26
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.85427
EDGE Score: 2.06106

Attributes

Diet [1]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Ectothermic [1]  10 %
Diet - Fruit [1]  80 %
Diet - Invertibrates [1]  10 %
Forages - Canopy [1]  20 %
Forages - Mid-High [1]  60 %
Forages - Ground [1]  20 %
Clutch Size [2]  3
Incubation [2]  40 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Malabar Coast moist forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Kudremukh National Park II 202772 Karnataka, India  

Important Bird Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Prey / Diet

Ficus amplissima[3]
Ficus benghalensis (Indian banyan)[3]
Ficus drupacea (brown-woolly fig)[3]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Range Map

Distribution

Southern Asia;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
2del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
3"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License