Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Bucerotiformes > Bucerotidae > Buceros > Buceros bicornis
 

Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)

Wikipedia Abstract

The great hornbill (Buceros bicornis) also known as the great Indian hornbill or great pied hornbill, is one of the larger members of the hornbill family. It is found in South and Southeast Asia. Its impressive size and colour have made it important in many tribal cultures and rituals. The great hornbill is long-lived, living for nearly 50 years in captivity. It is predominantly frugivorous, but is an opportunist and will prey on small mammals, reptiles and birds.
View Wikipedia Record: Buceros bicornis

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
6
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
40
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 13.4065
EDGE Score: 3.36083

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  6.171 lbs (2.799 kg)
Male Weight [5]  6.627 lbs (3.006 kg)
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Ectothermic [2]  10 %
Diet - Endothermic [2]  10 %
Diet - Fruit [2]  60 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  20 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  90 %
Forages - Ground [2]  10 %
Clutch Size [4]  2
Incubation [3]  39 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  33 years

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Emblem of

Arunachal Pradesh
Kerala

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

+ Click for partial list (66)Full list (220)

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Distribution

Southern Asia;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5Kemp, A. 1995. The Hornbills. Oxford: Oxford University Press
6AN ASSESSMENT OF FOOD OVERLAP BETWEEN GIBBONS AND HORNBILLS, Chuti-on Kanwatanakid-Savini and Pilai Poonswad, Tommaso Savini, THE RAFFLES BULLETIN OF ZOOLOGY 2009 57(1): 189–198
7"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License