Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Coraciiformes > Coraciidae > Coracias > Coracias garrulus
 

Coracias garrulus (European Roller)

Wikipedia Abstract

The European roller (Coracias garrulus) is the only member of the roller family of birds to breed in Europe. Its overall range extends into the Middle East and Central Asia and Morocco. There are two subspecies: the nominate garrulus, which breeds from in north Africa from Morocco east to Tunisia, southwest and south-central Europe and Asia Minor east through northwest Iran to southwest Siberia; and semenowi, which breeds in Iraq and Iran (except northwest) east to Kashmir and north to Turkmenistan, south Kazakhstan and northwest China (west Xinjiang). The European roller is a long-distance migrant, wintering in southern Africa in two distinct regions, from Senegal east to Cameroon and from Ethiopia west to Congo and south to South Africa.
View Wikipedia Record: Coracias garrulus

Infraspecies

Coracias garrulus garrulus (European roller)
Coracias garrulus semenowi (Eastern European roller)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
4
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
35
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 9.37819
EDGE Score: 3.03285

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  147 grams
Birth Weight [1]  10 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates)
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  90 %
Diet - Vertibrates [2]  10 %
Forages - Aerial [2]  10 %
Forages - Understory [2]  10 %
Forages - Ground [2]  80 %
Clutch Size [4]  4
Clutches / Year [1]  1
Fledging [1]  27 days
Incubation [3]  18 days
Mating Display [5]  Ground and non-acrobatic aerial display
Maximum Longevity [7]  9 years
Migration [6]  Intercontinental
Female Maturity [1]  0 years 12 months

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

+ Click for partial list (100)Full list (503)

Important Bird Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Lanius excubitor (Northern Shrike)1
Pseudopus apodus (Armored glass lizard)1

Consumers

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map

Distribution

Africa; Cape Peninsula National Park; Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China); Southern Asia;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
6Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
7de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
8Sosnowski, J., & Chmielewski, S. (1996). Breeding biology of the roller Coracias garrulus in Puszcza Pilicka forest (Central Poland). Acta ornithologica, 31(2), 119-131.
9Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
10International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License