Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Psittaciformes > Psittacidae > Rhynchopsitta > Rhynchopsitta terrisi

Rhynchopsitta terrisi (Maroon-fronted Parrot)

Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The maroon-fronted parrot (Rhynchopsitta terrisi) is a large, macaw-like parrot. It is dark green with a dark red shoulder and a maroon forehead and eye-stripe. Its underside of the wings and tail appear to be black when it is in flight. It makes a high, rolling cr-a ak sound. Groups sound similar to the acorn woodpecker if they are heard from a distance. The species is endemic to northeast Mexico, where only about 2500–3000 birds survive in the wild.
View Wikipedia Record: Rhynchopsitta terrisi

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Rhynchopsitta terrisi

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.19334
EDGE Score: 4.0526


Adult Weight [1]  430 grams
Breeding Habitat [2]  Mexican pine-oak forests
Wintering Geography [2]  Non-migrartory
Wintering Habitat [2]  Mexican pine-oak forests
Diet [3]  Nectarivore, Granivore
Diet - Nectar [3]  30 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  70 %
Forages - Canopy [3]  20 %
Forages - Mid-High [3]  50 %
Forages - Understory [3]  30 %


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Sierra Madre Oriental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Cumbres de Monterrey National Park II 438355 Coahuila, Mexico      
Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve VI 955579 Queretaro, Mexico  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States Yes

Prey / Diet

Pinus arizonica (Arizona pine)[4]
Pinus cembroides (Pinyon pine)[4]
Pinus greggii (Gregg's pine)[4]
Pinus montezumae (Montezuma pine)[4]
Pinus teocote (Teocote pine)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Cyrtonyx montezumae (Montezuma Quail)1
Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha (Thick-billed Parrot)3

Range Map


External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Maroon-fronted Parrot, BirdLife International (1992) Threatened Birds of the Americas. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License