Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Estrildidae > Erythrura > Erythrura gouldiae

Erythrura gouldiae (Gouldian Finch)

Synonyms: Chloebia gouldiae

Wikipedia Abstract

The Gouldian finch (Erythrura gouldiae), also known as the Lady Gouldian finch, Gould's finch or the rainbow finch, is a colourful passerine bird endemic to Australia. There is strong evidence of a continuing decline, even at the best-known site near Katherine in the Northern Territory. Large numbers are bred in captivity, particularly in Australia. In the state of South Australia, National Parks & Wildlife Department permit returns in the late 1990s showed that over 13,000 Gouldian finches were being kept by aviculturists. If extrapolated to an Australia-wide figure this would result in a total of over 100,000 birds. In 1992, it was classified as "endangered in the wild" under IUCN's criteria C2ai. This was because the viable population size was estimated to be less than 2,500 mature indi
View Wikipedia Record: Erythrura gouldiae

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.72591
EDGE Score: 2.43815


Adult Weight [1]  12 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Granivore
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  20 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  80 %
Forages - Understory [2]  80 %
Forages - Ground [2]  20 %
Clutch Size [3]  6
Incubation [1]  13 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  6 years


Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Warddeken Indigenous Protected Area 3446999 Northern Territory, Australia      

Prey / Diet

Alloteropsis semialata[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap


Parasitized by 
Cryptosporidium galli[5]
Encephalitozoon hellem[5]
Machaerilaemus laticorpus[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)


External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Intrinsic aging-related mortality in birds, Robert E. Ricklefs, JOURNAL OF AVIAN BIOLOGY 31: 103–111. Copenhagen 2000
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
4The diet of the brush-tailed rabbit-rat (Conilurus penicillatus) from the monsoonal tropics of the Northern Territory, Australia, Ronald S. C. Firth, Elizabeth Jefferys, John C. Z. Woinarski and Richard A. Noske, Wildlife Research, 2005, 32, 517–523
5Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License