Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Muscicapidae > Erithacus > Erithacus rubecula
 

Erithacus rubecula (European Robin)

Wikipedia Abstract

The European robin (Erithacus rubecula), known simply as the robin or robin redbreast in the British Isles and Ireland is a small insectivorous passerine bird, specifically a chat, that was formerly classed as a member of the thrush family (Turdidae), but is now considered to be an Old World flycatcher. Around 12.5–14.0 cm (5.0–5.5 in) in length, the male and female are similar in colouration, with an orange breast and face lined with grey, brown upperparts and a whitish belly. It is found across Europe, east to Western Siberia and south to North Africa; it is sedentary in most of its range except the far north.
View Wikipedia Record: Erithacus rubecula

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
18
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
36
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 13.9
EDGE Score: 2.70136

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  17 grams
Birth Weight [2]  2.4 grams
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Piscivore, Frugivore, Granivore
Diet - Ectothermic [3]  10 %
Diet - Fish [3]  10 %
Diet - Fruit [3]  20 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  40 %
Diet - Scavenger [3]  10 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  10 %
Forages - Understory [3]  50 %
Forages - Ground [3]  50 %
Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Male Maturity [1]  1 year
Clutch Size [5]  5
Clutches / Year [4]  2
Incubation [4]  15 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  17 years
Wing Span [4]  8 inches (.21 m)

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

+ Click for partial list (100)Full list (541)

Ecosystems

Important Bird Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Japan Japan No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No

Emblem of

United Kingdom

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

+ Click for partial list (71)Full list (315)

Predators

Accipiter nisus (Eurasian Sparrowhawk)[6]
Aegolius funereus (Boreal Owl)[9]
Falco eleonorae (Eleonora's Falcon)[15]
Nyctalus lasiopterus (giant noctule)[16]

Consumers

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbH

Distribution

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4British Trust for Ornithology
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6Ecology of Commanster
7A STUDY OF AVIAN FRUGIVORES, BIRD-DISPERSED PLANTS, AND THElR INTERACTION IN MEDITERRANEAN SCRUBLANDS, CARLOS M. HERRERA, Ecological Monographs, 54(1), 1984, pp. 1-23
8Frugivorous diet of autumn migrant Pied Flycatchers Ficedula hypoleuca: a review and new data, A. Hernández, Butll. GCA 16: 53-60, 1999
9Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
10VARIATIONS IN SPINDLE EUONYMUS EUROPAEUS CONSUMPTION BY FRUGIVOROUS BIRDS DURING THE FRUITING SEASON, Ángel HERNÁNDEZ, Ardeola 50(2), 2003, 171-180
11Birds and berries: a study of an ecological interaction. Calton, Great Britain, Snow B.K., Snow D.W., 1988, T & AD Poyser. 268 p.
12Recruitment of a Mast-Fruiting, Bird-Dispersed Tree: Bridging Frugivore Activity and Seedling Establishment, Carlos M. Herrera, Pedro Jordano, Luis López-Soria, Juan A. Amat, Ecological Monographs, 64(3), 1994, pp. 315-344
13Exclusive frugivory and seed dispersal of Rhamnus alaternus in the bird breeding season, Josep M. Bas, Pere Pons and Crisanto Gómez, Plant Ecology (2005)
14Birds and guelder rose Viburnum opulus: selective consumption and dispersal via regurgitation of small-sized fruits and seeds, Ángel Hernández, Plant Ecol (2009) 203:111–122
15STATUS, DISTRIBUTION, AND DIET OF ELEONORA’S FALCON (FALCO ELEONORAE) IN THE CANARY ISLANDS, Leandro De León, Beneharo Rodríguez, Aurelio Martín, Manuel Nogales, Jesús Alonso, and Carlos Izquierdo, Journal of Raptor Research 41(4):331-336 2007
16Carnivory in the greater noctule bat (Nyctalus lasiopterus) in Italy, G Dondini, S Vergari, J. Zool. Lond. (2000) 251, 233-236
17Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
18International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License