Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Furnariidae > Furnarius > Furnarius rufus

Furnarius rufus (Rufous Hornero)

Wikipedia Abstract

The rufous hornero (Furnarius rufus) is a medium-sized ovenbird in the family Furnariidae It occurs in eastern South America, and is the national bird in Argentina. Also known as the red ovenbird, it is common in savannas, second-growth scrub, pastures and agricultural land and is synanthropic. Its range includes southeastern and southern Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay and northern and central Argentina, extending as far south as northern Patagonia. The species is most closely related to the crested hornero of Paraguay and Argentina. There are four accepted subspecies. \n*
View Wikipedia Record: Furnarius rufus


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 2.91801
EDGE Score: 1.36558


Adult Weight [1]  53 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Granivore
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  80 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  20 %
Forages - Understory [2]  30 %
Forages - Ground [2]  70 %
Clutch Size [4]  3
Incubation [3]  16 days


Protected Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
Cerrado Brazil No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No

Emblem of


Prey / Diet

Metapolybia cingulata[5]
Polybia occidentalis[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap


Spiziapteryx circumcincta (Spot-winged Falconet)[3]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Jardin Zoologico de Cdad.Buenos Aires
Parque De Animales Silvestres Temaikèn

Range Map


External References


Play / PauseVolume
Provided by Xeno-canto under a Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 2.5 License Author: Bernabe Lopez-Lanus



Attributes / relations provided by
1Biometry, molt and brood patch parameters of birds in southern Brazil, Leandro Bugoni, Leonardo Vianna Mohr, Adriano Scherer, Márcio Amorin Efe and Scherezino Barbosa Scherer, Ararajuba 10 (1): 85-94
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5Raw, A. (1997). Avian predation on individual neotropical social wasps (Hymenoptera, Vespidae) outside their nests. Ornitologia neotropical, 8, 89-92.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2