Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Corvidae > Garrulus > Garrulus glandarius
 

Garrulus glandarius (Eurasian Jay)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Eurasian jay (Garrulus glandarius) is a species of bird occurring over a vast region from Western Europe and north-west Africa to the Indian Subcontinent and further to the eastern seaboard of Asia and down into south-east Asia. Across its vast range, several very distinct racial forms have evolved to look very different from each other, especially when forms at the extremes of its range are compared. The bird is called jay, without any epithets, by English speakers in Great Britain and Ireland. It is the original 'jay' after which all others are named.
View Wikipedia Record: Garrulus glandarius

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
4
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
25
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 9.82192
EDGE Score: 2.38157

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  160 grams
Birth Weight [2]  8.5 grams
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore
Diet - Endothermic [3]  10 %
Diet - Fruit [3]  30 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  40 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  20 %
Forages - Mid-High [3]  20 %
Forages - Understory [3]  20 %
Forages - Ground [3]  60 %
Clutch Size [6]  5
Clutches / Year [5]  1
Fledging [1]  22 days
Incubation [5]  18 days
Mating Display [2]  Ground and non-acrobatic aerial display
Maximum Longevity [4]  18 years
Snout to Vent Length [1]  13 inches (34 cm)
Speed [7]  14.987 MPH (6.7 m/s)
Wing Span [7]  21 inches (.54 m)
Female Maturity [4]  1 year
Male Maturity [4]  1 year

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

+ Click for partial list (100)Full list (241)

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

+ Click for partial list (72)Full list (189)

Predators

Accipiter gentilis (Northern Goshawk)[8]

Providers

Shelter 
Crataegus heterophylla (Common Hawthorn)[8]

Consumers

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Distribution

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
5British Trust for Ornithology
6Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
7Alerstam T, Rosén M, Bäckman J, Ericson PGP, Hellgren O (2007) Flight Speeds among Bird Species: Allometric and Phylogenetic Effects. PLoS Biol 5(8): e197. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050197
8Ecology of Commanster
9Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
10Prunus mahaleb and Birds: The High-Efficiency Seed Dispersal System of a Temperate Fruiting Tree, Carlos M. Herrera and Pedro Jordano, Ecological Monographs Vol. 51, No. 2 (Jun., 1981), pp. 203-218
11Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
12International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License