Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Cracticidae > Gymnorhina > Gymnorhina tibicen
 

Gymnorhina tibicen (Australian Magpie)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Australian magpie (Cracticus tibicen) is a medium-sized black and white passerine bird native to Australia and southern New Guinea. Although once considered to be three separate species, it is now considered to be one, with nine recognised subspecies. A member of the Artamidae, the Australian magpie is classified in the butcherbird genus Cracticus and is most closely related to the black butcherbird (C. quoyi). It is not, however, related to the European magpie, which is a corvid. The adult Australian magpie is a fairly robust bird ranging from 37 to 43 cm (14.5 to 17 in) in length, with distinctive black and white plumage, gold brown eyes and a solid wedge-shaped bluish-white and black bill. The male and female are similar in appearance, and can be distinguished by differences in back
View Wikipedia Record: Gymnorhina tibicen

Infraspecies

Invasive Species

View ISSG Record: Gymnorhina tibicen

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
3
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
21
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.60281
EDGE Score: 2.15209

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  300 grams
Birth Weight [2]  16.2 grams
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates)
Diet - Ectothermic [3]  10 %
Diet - Endothermic [3]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  70 %
Diet - Scavenger [3]  10 %
Forages - Ground [3]  100 %
Clutch Size [1]  4
Incubation [4]  21 days

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Southwest Australia Australia No

Emblem of

South Australia

Prey / Diet

Anostostoma australasiae (King Cricket)[5]
Nothomyrmecia macrops (Australian Ant)[5]
Phaulacridium vittatum (Wingless Grasshopper)[6]
Quercus robur (Pedunculate Oak)[7]
Tenodera australasiae (Purple-winged mantis)[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Predators

Aquila audax (Wedge-tailed Eagle)[8]
Falco subniger (Black Falcon)[9]
Ninox strenua (Powerful Boobook)[10]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Echidnophaga gallinacea (sticktight flea)[11]
Oncicola pomatostomi[12]
Plagiorhynchus cylindraceus[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Distribution

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1A comparative analysis of some life-history traits between cooperatively and non-cooperatively breeding Australian passerines, ALDO POIANI and LARS SOMMER JERMIIN, Evolutionary Ecology, 1994, 8, 471-488
2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
5Who's Eating Who
6Food of some birds in eastern New South Wales: additions to Barker & Vestjens. Emu 93(3): 195–199
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
8Breeding Biology and Diet of the Wedge-tailed Eagle Aquila audax in the New England Region of New South Wales, S.J.S. DEBUS, T.S. HATFIELD, A.J. LEY and A.B. ROSE, AUSTRALIAN FIELD ORNITHOLOGY 2007, 24, 93–120
9Some aspects of the biology of the Black Falcon Falco subniger S. J. S. Debus and J. Olsen, Corella, 2010, 35(1): 29–36
10Diet and habitat of the powerful owl (Ninox strenua) living near Melbourne, Elizabeth Lavazanian, M. App. Sc. thesis, Deakin University (1996)
11International Flea Database
12Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License