Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Accipitriformes > Accipitridae > Harpia > Harpia harpyja

Harpia harpyja (Harpy Eagle)

Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The harpy eagle (Harpia harpyja) is a neotropical species of eagle. It is sometimes known as the American harpy eagle to distinguish it from the Papuan eagle, which is sometimes known as the New Guinea harpy eagle or Papuan harpy eagle. It is the largest and most powerful raptor found in the Americas, and among the largest extant species of eagles in the world. It usually inhabits tropical lowland rainforests in the upper (emergent) canopy layer. Destruction of its natural habitat has caused it to vanish from many parts of its former range, and it is nearly extirpated in Central America. In Brazil, the harpy eagle is also known as royal-hawk (in Portuguese: gavião-real).
View Wikipedia Record: Harpia harpyja

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 23.1056
EDGE Score: 3.87559


Adult Weight [1]  13.118 lbs (5.95 kg)
Female Weight [1]  16.535 lbs (7.50 kg)
Male Weight [1]  9.70 lbs (4.40 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  70.5 %
Breeding Habitat [2]  Tropical evergreen forests
Wintering Geography [2]  Non-migrartory
Wintering Habitat [2]  Tropical evergreen forests
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Vertebrates)
Diet - Ectothermic [3]  20 %
Diet - Endothermic [3]  80 %
Forages - Canopy [3]  40 %
Forages - Mid-High [3]  40 %
Forages - Understory [3]  10 %
Forages - Ground [3]  10 %
Clutch Size [1]  2
Incubation [1]  56 days
Maximum Longevity [4]  17 years
Wing Span [1]  6.166 feet (1.88 m)


Protected Areas


Important Bird Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No

Emblem of


Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Leopardus pardalis (Ocelot)3
Leopardus wiedii (Margay)1
Panthera onca (Jaguar)5
Spizaetus isidori (Black-and-chestnut Eagle)1
Spizaetus ornatus (Ornate Hawk-Eagle)1

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Range Map


External References


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Attributes / relations provided by
1del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
5Animals of the Rainforest
6MAMMALIAN SPECIES 42(850):19–32 Bradypus variegatus (Pilosa: Bradypodidae) VIRGINIA HAYSSEN
7Choloepus hoffmanni (Pilosa: Megalonychidae), VIRGINIA HAYSSEN, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 43(873):37–55 (2011)
8Potos flavus, Linda S. Ford and Robert S. Hoffman, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 321, pp. 1-9 (1988)
9Tamandua tetradactyla (Pilosa: Myrmecophagidae), VIRGINIA HAYSSEN, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 43(875):64–74 (2011)
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2