Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Muscicapidae > Luscinia > Luscinia megarhynchos
 

Luscinia megarhynchos (Common Nightingale)

Wikipedia Abstract

The common nightingale or simply nightingale (Luscinia megarhynchos), also known as rufous nightingale, is a small passerine bird best known for its powerful and beautiful song. It was formerly classed as a member of the thrush family Turdidae, but is now more generally considered to be an Old World flycatcher, Muscicapidae. It belongs to a group of more terrestrial species, often called chats.
View Wikipedia Record: Luscinia megarhynchos

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
3
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
22
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 8.2265
EDGE Score: 2.22208

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  21 grams
Birth Weight [2]  2.7 grams
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  20 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  70 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  10 %
Forages - Understory [3]  30 %
Forages - Ground [3]  70 %
Female Maturity [4]  1 year
Male Maturity [4]  1 year
Clutch Size [6]  5
Clutches / Year [1]  1
Incubation [5]  14 days
Mating Display [2]  Ground and non-acrobatic aerial display
Maximum Longevity [4]  11 years
Migration [7]  Intercontinental
Nocturnal [7]  Yes
Wing Span [5]  9 inches (.24 m)

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

+ Click for partial list (100)Full list (628)

Important Bird Areas

Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Deliblatska pescara Serbia B2, B3
Jerma Serbia B3
Mouth of Samur river Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i, B3
Pcinja Serbia B2, B3
Vrsacki breg Serbia B2, B3

Biodiversity Hotspots

Prey / Diet

Prunus padus (Bird Cherry)[8]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Predators

Falco eleonorae (Eleonora's Falcon)[9]

Consumers

Range Map

Distribution

External References

Audio

Play / PauseVolume
Provided by Avisoft Bioacoustics © Author: Raimund Specht

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
5British Trust for Ornithology
6Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
7Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
8del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
9STATUS, DISTRIBUTION, AND DIET OF ELEONORA’S FALCON (FALCO ELEONORAE) IN THE CANARY ISLANDS, Leandro De León, Beneharo Rodríguez, Aurelio Martín, Manuel Nogales, Jesús Alonso, and Carlos Izquierdo, Journal of Raptor Research 41(4):331-336 2007
10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
11International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2