Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Rhinocryptidae > Merulaxis > Merulaxis stresemanni

Merulaxis stresemanni (Stresemann's Bristlefront)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Stresemann's bristlefront (Merulaxis stresemanni) is a critically endangered species of bird in the Rhinocryptidae family. It is endemic to Brazil.
View Wikipedia Record: Merulaxis stresemanni

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Merulaxis stresemanni

EDGE Analysis

his charismatic species is distinctive due to the stiff, bristle-like feathers that protrude from the sides of the bird’s forehead. It belongs to a group commonly-known as the Tapaculos, found predominantly in South America. The Stresemann’s Bristlefront was first discovered in the 1830s, but then seemingly disappeared for over a century until a second specimen was located in 1945. It then eluded ornithologists for another 50 years until an individual was sighted in 1995. Only recently, in 2010, was a tiny population located in the north-east of the state of Bahia, Brazil.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 10.7373
EDGE Score: 5.23536
View EDGE Record: Merulaxis stresemanni


Diet [1]  Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Diet - Invertibrates [1]  100 %
Forages - Understory [1]  40 %
Forages - Ground [1]  60 %


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Bahia coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Important Bird Areas

Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Bandeira / Macarani Brazil A1, A2
Una Brazil A1, A2, A3

Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) Sites

Name  Location   Map   Climate   Land Use 
Bandeira / Macarani Brazil

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay Yes


External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
AZE sites provided by Alliance for Zero Extinction (2010). 2010 AZE Update.
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License