Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Oriolidae > Oriolus > Oriolus brachyrynchus
 

Oriolus brachyrynchus (Western Oriole; Western Black-headed Oriole)

Synonyms: Oriolus brachyrhynchus

Wikipedia Abstract

The western oriole (Oriolus brachyrynchus), also known as the western black-headed oriole, is a species of bird in the Oriolidae family that is native to Africa.
View Wikipedia Record: Oriolus brachyrynchus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
4
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
25
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 9.77166
EDGE Score: 2.37692

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  49 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  30 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  40 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  30 %
Forages - Aerial [2]  10 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  30 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  40 %
Forages - Understory [2]  10 %
Forages - Ground [2]  10 %
Clutch Size [3]  2
Mating Display [4]  Ground display

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

Important Bird Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No

Prey / Diet

Bridelia micrantha (Coastal Golden-leaf)[5]
Ficus burretiana[6]
Ficus pseudomangifera[6]
Ficus sur (Cape fig)[5]
Tetrorchidium didymostemon[7]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Range Map

Distribution

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
4Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
5Specialization and interaction strength in a tropical plant-frugivore network differ among forest strata, Matthias Schleuning, Nico Blüthgen, Martina Flörchinger, Julius Braun, H. Martin Schaefer, and Katrin Böhning-Gaese, Ecology, in press.
6"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
7del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License