Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Paridae > Parus > Parus major
 

Parus major (Great Tit)

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
12
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
31
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 9.75194
EDGE Score: 2.37509

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  18 grams
Birth Weight [2]  1.7 grams
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore, Nectarivore, Granivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  20 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  40 %
Diet - Nectar [3]  10 %
Diet - Scavenger [3]  10 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  20 %
Forages - Canopy [3]  20 %
Forages - Mid-High [3]  60 %
Forages - Understory [3]  20 %
Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Male Maturity [1]  1 year
Clutch Size [5]  8
Clutches / Year [6]  1
Incubation [4]  13 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  15 years
Speed [7]  30.422 MPH (13.6 m/s)
Wing Span [7]  9 inches (.23 m)

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

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Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

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Predators

Aegolius funereus (Boreal Owl)[8]
Dendrocopos major (Great Spotted Woodpecker)[8]
Strix aluco (Tawny Owl)[8]

Providers

Shelter 
Columba oenas (Stock Dove)[8]

Consumers

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Inokashira Park Zoo
Ueno Zoological Gardens
 
Universeum Science Center

Distribution

External References

Audio

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Provided by Xeno-canto under a Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 2.5 License Author: Volker Arnold

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Intrinsic aging-related mortality in birds, Robert E. Ricklefs, JOURNAL OF AVIAN BIOLOGY 31: 103–111. Copenhagen 2000
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6British Trust for Ornithology
7Alerstam T, Rosén M, Bäckman J, Ericson PGP, Hellgren O (2007) Flight Speeds among Bird Species: Allometric and Phylogenetic Effects. PLoS Biol 5(8): e197. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050197
8Ecology of Commanster
9Recruitment of a Mast-Fruiting, Bird-Dispersed Tree: Bridging Frugivore Activity and Seedling Establishment, Carlos M. Herrera, Pedro Jordano, Luis López-Soria, Juan A. Amat, Ecological Monographs, 64(3), 1994, pp. 315-344
10Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
11VARIATIONS IN SPINDLE EUONYMUS EUROPAEUS CONSUMPTION BY FRUGIVOROUS BIRDS DURING THE FRUITING SEASON, Ángel HERNÁNDEZ, Ardeola 50(2), 2003, 171-180
12"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
13Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
14International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2