Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Paridae > Parus > Parus niger
 

Parus niger (Southern Black Tit)

Wikipedia Abstract

The southern black tit or simply black tit (Melaniparus niger) is a species of bird in the tit family Paridae. It occurs chiefly in tropical and subtropical savanna woodland, in a semicircular arc from Angola to Eastern Cape Province in South Africa. It prefers woodland dominated by broad-leaved trees, most importantly miombo, Combretum species, and Burkea africana. It is especially common in the woodlands of western Zimbabwe, where densities can reach as high as fifty birds per square kilometre.
View Wikipedia Record: Parus niger

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
10
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
29
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 8.70037
EDGE Score: 2.27216

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  22 grams
Birth Weight [1]  1.9 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Nectarivore, Granivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  70 %
Diet - Nectar [2]  10 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  10 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  100 %
Clutch Size [4]  5
Incubation [3]  14 days

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No

Prey / Diet

Aloe ferox (Cape aloe)[3]
Aloidendron barberae (Tree aloe)[3]
Commiphora harveyi[5]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Distribution

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5Seed Dispersal by Birds in a South African and a Malagasy Commiphora Species, Bärbel Bleher, Katrin Böhning-Gaese, Ecotropica 6: 43–53, 2000
6"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License