Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Pycnonotidae > Pycnonotus > Pycnonotus erythropthalmos
 

Pycnonotus erythropthalmos (Spectacled Bulbul)

Wikipedia Abstract

The spectacled bulbul (Pycnonotus erythropthalmos), also known as the lesser brown bulbul, is a bird in the bulbul family. It is known in Malay as Merbah Kecil. It is endemic to Southeast Asia.
View Wikipedia Record: Pycnonotus erythropthalmos

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
13
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
32
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 10.2057
EDGE Score: 2.41642

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  19.2 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  50 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  20 %
Diet - Plants [2]  30 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  33 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  33 %
Forages - Understory [2]  33 %
Clutch Size [3]  2

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Indochina mangroves Thailand, Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Yes

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

+ Click for partial list (93)Full list (183)

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore

Distribution

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Medway, Lord 1972. The Gunung Benom Expedition 1967. 6. The distribution and altitudinal zonation of birds and mammals on Gunung Benom. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), 23, 103–154
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
4del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
5"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License